An Analytical Method for the Estimation of Radiation Heat Flux from Open Pool Fires and Pool Fires Impinging on Ceilings

  • Alexandros VourosEmail author
  • Michael A. Delichatsios
  • Jianping Zhang
Conference paper


This paper presents a new integral method for the estimation of the thermal radiation flux from open pool in air fires and pool fires having flames sometimes impinging under extensive ceilings. For open fires, a uniformly distributed emissive power to the cylinder that represents the flame envelop is used together with a radiant fraction that depends on the source diameter. Estimations and comparisons are produced using the mean as well as the continuous (stoichiometric) flame heights which are calculated and correlated numerically including flames impinging on the ceiling. The applicability of the method and comparison with previous analytical methods are validated for a range of heat release rates (1–300 kW) using experimental results of the literature. For fires under ceilings, the gas temperature distribution under the ceiling is used to estimate the thermal radiation from a disc that represents the flames if flames impinge on the ceiling as well as the hot gases in all the ceiling layer. Radiation flux from the ceiling jet is significant in this case, while the lower and higher values are estimated for the complicated view factor, assuming that the flame cylinder under the ceiling is opaque or transparent. Estimations are compared with experimental results of the literature, indicating that the adoption of a transparent flame cylinder produces conservative results for all the cases examined.


Thermal radiation Simplified modelling Ceiling 



The research leading to these results has received funding from the Hellenic General Secretariat for Research & Technology under grant ERC-12 (PRESCIENT) of the Operational Program ‘Education and Lifelong Learning’, co-funded by the European Union (European Social Fund) and national resources. M. Delichatsios was also partially funded by the European project ELISSA.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandros Vouros
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael A. Delichatsios
    • 2
  • Jianping Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece
  2. 2.FireSERTUniversity of UlsterAntrimUK

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