Advertisement

Networked Music Performance

  • Leonardo GabrielliEmail author
  • Stefano Squartini
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering book series (BRIEFSELECTRIC)

Abstract

Networked music performances have been considered since a few decades in contemporary music composition. More recently, the enabling technologies for NMP have been also considered as a way to deliver classes to facilitate rehearsal or conduct proper music improvisation. Unfortunately after a few years of experiments through the Internet the interest has shifted toward the use of NMP for composition only and advancement in avant-garde music practice. NMP is also a means of reflection for the artists and the composer over new media technologies. For these reasons planning a NMP requires an interdisciplinary approach, evaluating both aesthetic and technical issues. In this book, intended for the technical reader, only the latter shall be addressed. However, to ease the exchange and expedite collaboration between technologists and artists an introduction on historical and current practices in NMP is provided. The lexicon and the dissertation on technical issues are intentionally left as simple as possible to facilitate readers with no specific technical background on digital signal processing, audio processing, and networking.

Keywords

Networked music performance Network computer music Laptop orchestra 

References

  1. 1.
    Lazzaro J, Wawrzynek J (2001) A case for network musical performance. In: Proceedings of the 11th international workshop on network and operating systems support for digital audio and video. ACM, pp 157–166Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chafe C (2011) Living with net lag. In: Audio engineering society conference: 43rd international conference: audio for wirelessly networked personal devices. Audio Engineering SocietyGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Carôt A, Werner C (2007) Network music performance-problems, approaches and perspectives. In: Procedings of the music in the global village-conference, Budapest, HungaryGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schuett N (2002) The effects of latency on ensemble performanceGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barbosa Á (2003) Displaced soundscapes: a survey of network systems for music and sonic art creation. Leonardo Music J 13:53–59MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weidenaar R (1995) Magic music from the Telharmonium. The Scarecrow Press, IncGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Carôt A, Rebelo P, Renaud A (2007) Networked music performance: state of the art. In: Audio engineering society conference: 30th international conference: intelligent audio environments, Mar 2007Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pritchett J (1996) The music of John Cage, vol 5. Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bischoff J, Gold R, Horton J (1978) Music for an interactive network of microcomputers. Comput Music J 24–29Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gresham-Lancaster S (1998) The aesthetics and history of the Hub: the effects of changing technology on network computer music. Leonardo Music J 39–44Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Polymeneas-Liontiris T, Edwards AL (2014) The disklavier in network music performancesGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Trueman D, Cook P, Smallwood S, Wang G (2006) Plork: the princeton laptop orchestra, year 1. In: Proceedings of the international computer music conference, pp 443–450Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Smallwood S, Trueman D, Cook PR, Wang G (2008) Composing for laptop orchestra. Comput Music J 32(1):9–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rebelo P, Renaud AB (2006) The frequencyliator: distributing structures for networked laptop improvisation. In: Proceedings of the 2006 conference on new interfaces for musical expression. IRCAMCentre Pompidou, pp 53–56Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Renaud AB (2011) Cueing and composing for long distance network music collaborations. In: Audio engineering society conference: 44th international conference: audio networking. Audio Engineering SocietyGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang G, Bryan N, Oh J, Hamilton R (2009) Stanford laptop orchestra (slork), Ann Arbor. MPublishing, University of Michigan Library, MIGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Collins N (2010) Introduction to computer music. WileyGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mills R (2010) Dislocated sound: a survey of improvisation in networked audio platforms. In: New interfaces for musical expression, (NIME 2010), Sidney, Australia. University of Technology, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bargar R, Church S, Fukuda A, Grunke J, Keislar D, Moses B, NovakB, Pennycook B, Settel Z, Strawn J, Wiser P, Woszczyk W (1998) Networking audio and music using Internet2 and next-generation internet capabilitiesGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chafe C, Wilson S, Leistikow R, Chisholm D, Scavone G (2000) A simplified approach to high quality music and sound over IP. In: COST-G6 conference on digital audio effects, pp 159–164Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Xu A, Woszczyk W, Settel Z, Pennycook B, Rowe R, Galanter P, Bary J (2000) Real-time streaming of multichannel audio data over Internet. J Audio Eng Soc 48(7/8):627–641Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gu X, Dick M, Kurtisi Z, Noyer U, Wolf L (2005) Network-centric music performance: practice and experiments. IEEE Commun Mag 43(6):86–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Alexandraki C, Akoumianakis D (2010) Exploring new perspectives in network music performance: the DIAMOUSES framework. Comput Music J 34(2):66–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Akoumianakis D, Alexandraki C, Alexiou V, Anagnostopoulou C, Eleftheriadis A, Lalioti V, Mouchtaris A, Pavlidi D, Polyzos G, Tsakalides P et al (2014) The musinet project: towards unraveling the full potential of networked music performance systems. In: The 5th international conference on information, intelligence, systems and applications, IISA 2014. IEEE, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Stais C, Thomas Y, Xylomenos G, Tsilopoulos C (2013) Networked music performance over information-centric networks. In: 2013 IEEE international conference on communications workshops (ICC). IEEE, pp 647–651Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tsilopoulos C, Xylomenos G, Thomas Y (2014) Reducing forwarding state in content-centric networks with semi-stateless forwarding. In: INFOCOM, 2014 proceedings IEEE. IEEE, pp 2067–2075Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Vlachakis G, Karadimitriou N, Akoumianakis D (2014) Using a dedicated toolkit and the cloud to coordinate shared music representations. In: The 5th international conference on information, intelligence, systems and applications, IISA 2014. IEEE, pp 20–26Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Baltas G, Xylomenos G (2014) Ultra low delay switching for networked music performance. In: The 5th international conference on information, intelligence, systems and applications, IISA 2014, July 2014, pp 70–74Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Drioli C, Allocchio C (2012) LOLA: a low-latency high quality A/V streaming system for networked performance and interaction. In: Colloqui informatica musicale, TriesteGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Cáceres J-P, Hamilton R, Iyer D, Chafe C, Wang G (2008) To the edge with China: explorations in network performance. In: 4th international conference on digital arts, ARTECH 2008, Porto, Portugal, pp 61–66Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Olmos A, Brulé M, Bouillot N, Benovoy M, Blum J, Sun H, Lund NW, Cooperstock JR (2009) Exploring the role of latency and orchestra placement on the networked performance of a distributed opera. In: 12th annual international workshop on presence, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Bouillot N, Cooperstock JR (2009) Challenges and performance of high-fidelity audio streaming for interactive performances. In: Proceedings of the 9th international conference on new interfaces for musical expression, PittsburghGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Schiavoni FL, Queiroz M, Iazzetta F (2011) Medusa-a distributed sound environment. In: Linux audio conference, pp 149–156Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Allison J (2011) Distributed performances systems using HTML5 and Rails. In: 26th Annual conference of the society for electro-acoustic music in the United States (SEAMUS)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Holland S, Wilkie K, Mulholland P, Seago A (2013) Music interaction: understanding music and human-computer interaction. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Bowen N (2013) Mobile phones, group improvisation, and music: trends in digital socialized music-making, PhD thesis, The City University of New YorkGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Weinberg G (2005) Interconnected musical networks: toward a theoretical framework. Comput Music J 29(2):23–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Chafe C, Gurevich M (2004) Network time delay and ensemble accuracy: effects of latency, asymmetry. In: 117th audio engineering society convention. Audio Engineering SocietyGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Chafe C, Caceres J-P, Gurevich M (2010) Effect of temporal separation on synchronization in rhythmic performance. Perception 39(7):982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Driessen PF, Darcie TE, Pillay B (2011) The effects of network delay on tempo in musical performance. Comput Music J 35(1):76–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Kobayashi Y, Miyake Y (2003) Analysis of network ensemble between humans with time lag. In: SICE 2003 annual conference, Aug 2003, vol 1, pp 1069–1074Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.A3LabUniversità Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly
  2. 2.Ancona UniversityAnconaItaly

Personalised recommendations