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Mechanistic Study of Cellulose Hydrolysis by Carbon Catalysts

  • Mizuho YabushitaEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

The structure-activity correlation by carbon catalysts for hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds in cellulosic molecules has been investigated. The characterization of carbon materials by titration and infrared spectroscopy indicates that weakly acidic hydrophilic functionalities contribute to catalytic activity; especially, vicinal oxygenated functional groups as in salicylic acid and phthalic acid specifically show high catalytic performance due to increase of frequency factor but not to decrease of activation energy. One of the functional groups forms a hydrogen bond with hydroxyl groups of the substrate and another group gains an opportunity to activate and hydrolyze a glycosidic bond. Besides, hydrophobic surface of carbon plays important roles for adsorption process of cellulosic molecules, and this function also enhances the possibility to hydrolyze the substrate. Finally, the author proposes reaction mechanism for cellulose hydrolysis by carbon catalyst.

Keywords

Adsorption Carbon catalysts Cellulosic molecules Hydrolysis Vicinal weak acids 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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