A Chinese Model of Citizenship Education in Taiwan: Under the Influence of Globalization, Localization and Cross-Straitization
Although the trends of western democracy and the Confucian tradition have had a great impact on the formation of Taiwan’s recent citizenship education policies, a third force, derived from the cross-strait relationships between Taiwan and China, has also played a critical role in shaping these policies. This chapter is an attempt to portray citizenship education in Taiwan as one of the manifestations of Chinese models from a multi-faceted perspective including Chinese cultural heritage, western democracy, and the cross-strait relationships with China. The author argues that, like many other countries in East Asia, citizenship education is a contested term in Taiwan, which fulfills the needs of social change, government policy and personal development. It has been found that the concept of national identity received very little attention in current Taiwan’s citizenship education thanks to her ambiguous political status with China. Nevertheless, an image of ‘being Taiwanese’ is increasingly promoted and receives more and more attention in curriculum and instruction in Taiwan.
- Apple, M. W. (2004). Ideology and curriculum. New York: Falmer Press.Google Scholar
- Apple, M. W., & Christian-Smith, L. (1991). The politics of the textbooks. New York: Routledge/Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar
- Arnold, M., Dilley, M., Deichmann, U., Chen, R. S., & Lerner-Lam, A. L. (2005). Natural disaster hotspots: A global risk analysis. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
- Chen, J. C. (2001a). The moral education under the trend of biotech development. In National Taiwan Normal University, international conference of the citizen quality and teachers training, Taipei.Google Scholar
- Chen, J. C. (2001b), Being a mentor—The self-identity of primary school teachers. Primary Education Journal of NTNU, 52(3), 25–28.Google Scholar
- Chou, Y. W. (2011, January 14). The myths of 12-year compulsory education, Taiwan Today. http://taiwantoday.tw/ct.asp?xItem=144212&ctNode=413. Accessed 21 Mar 2014.
- Chou, C. P. (2014). Education in Taiwan: Taiwan’s colleges and universities. Taiwan-U.S. Quarterly Analysis, No. 16.Google Scholar
- Coleman, J. S. (1990). Equality and achievement in education (Social inequality series). Boulder: Westview.Google Scholar
- Elwyn, T. (2000). Researching values in cross-culture contexts. In R. Gardner, J. Cairns, & D. Lawton (Eds.), Education for value: Morals, ethics and citizenship in contemporary teaching (pp. 257–265). London: Kogan.Google Scholar
- Fan, JoAnn. (2014). Congressional testimony: Cross-strait economic and political issues. Available online at: http://www.brookings.edu/research/testimony/2014/06/05-cross-strait-economic-issues-fan
- Gilbert, R. (1996). Studying society and environment: A handbook for teachers. Melbourne: Macmillan Education.Google Scholar
- Giroux, H. A. (1985). Theory and resistance in education. New York: Bergin & Garvey.Google Scholar
- Howard, M. M. (2006). Comparative citizenship: An agenda for cross-national research. Perspectives on Politics, 4(3), 443–455. Available online at: http://www18.georgetown.edu/data/people/mmh/publication-12332.pdf
- Hu, C.-H. (2010, December 12). Consolidation of Universities will reach a peak in 5 years. Liberty Times, 12 December.Google Scholar
- Kahler, M., & Lake, D. A. (2003). Globalization and governance: Definition, variation, and explanation. Available online at: www.unc.edu/depts/europe/conferences/…/kahler_lake.doc
- Katz, I., Corlyon, J., La Placa, V., & Hunter, S. (2007). The relationship between parenting and poverty. http://www.jrf.org.uk/sites/files/jrf/parenting-poverty.pdf
- Kuo, W. F. (2010, March 1). A century of educational reform. Taiwan Review. http://taiwanreview.nat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=146617&CtNode=1337. Accessed 21 Mar 2014.
- Lui, J. M., & Doong, S. (2002). Civic education reform in Taiwan: Directions, controversies and challenges. Pacific-Asian Education, 14(1), 26–37.Google Scholar
- Ma, Y.-j. (2011, January 1). Building up Taiwan, Invigorating Chinese heritage, Taipei: Office of the President, Republic of China (Taiwan). http://english.president.gov.tw/Default.aspx?tabid=491&itemid=23186&rmid=2355. Accessed 21 Mar 2014.
- MOE (Ministry of Education, Republic of China). (2009). MOE to subsidize more than 5,000 NT dollars to students injured during Typhoon Morakot. Taipei: MOE. http://english.moe.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=11540&ctNode=517&mp=1. Accessed 21 Mar 2014.
- MOE (Ministry of Education, Republic of China). (2010a). 2010–2011 Education in Taiwan. Taipei: MOE. https://stats.moe.gov.tw/files/ebook/Education_in_Taiwan/2010-2011_Education_in_Taiwan.pdf. Accessed 21 Mar 2014.
- MOE (Ministry of Education, Republic of China). (2010b). Report addressed at the Legislation Yuan. Taipei: MOE.Google Scholar
- MOE (Ministry of Education, Republic of China). (2011). Statistics of foreign spouses offspring in compulsory education. Taipei: MOE.Google Scholar
- Murray, T. (Ed.). (1992). Education’s role in National development plans: Ten country cases. New York: Greenwood.Google Scholar
- OECD/CERI. (2001). What schools for the future? Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- Ōmae, K.’i. (1990). The borderless world: Power and strategy in the interlinked world economy. New York: Harper Business.Google Scholar
- Pederson, P., & Cogan, J. (2002). Civics education, pedagogy, and assessment in the Pacific Rim: Six cases. The International Journal of Social Education, 17(1), 16–30.Google Scholar
- Schulz, W., Ainley, J., Fraillon, J., Kerr, D., & Losito, B. (2010a). Initial findings from the IEA international civic and citizenship education study. Amsterdam: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement. http://iccs.acer.edu.au/uploads/File/Reports/ICCS_10_Initial_Findings.pdf. Accessed 21 Mar 2014.
- Schulz, W., Ainley, J., Fraillon, J., Kerr, D., & Losito, B. (2010b). ICCS 2009 international report: Civic knowledge, attitudes and engagement among lower secondary school students in thirty-eight countries. Amsterdam: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA).Google Scholar
- UNESCO-UIS. (2014). Higher education in Asia: Expanding out, expanding up. Available online at: http://www.uis.unesco.org/Library/Documents/higher-education-asia-graduate-university-research-2014-en.pdf
- United Nations. (2011). Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
- Wilde, S. (2005). Political and citizenship education. Oxford: Symposium Books.Google Scholar
- Yang, S.-K. (2001). Dilemmas of education reform in Taiwan: Internationalization or localization? Annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society, Washington, DC, 14–17 March.Google Scholar
- Zhou, Y.-W. (2000). Confucianism and competition of education. In S. W. Yang (Ed.), International conference for a study on the competition of education in Confucian Asia for Center for Educational Research (pp. 204–221). Taipei: National Taiwan University.Google Scholar