Need for Coordination between Greenhouse Gas and Pollution Abatement Regulations: China’s Case and Its Implications for Korea
- 428 Downloads
In this chapter, I briefly introduce my previous research on the carbon co-benefits of pollution abatement in China and then discuss what key lessons Korea can learn from it. A main finding is that strong cross effects exist between air pollution and carbon mitigation in China. In particular, China could even overachieve its official CO2 intensity targets, in terms of carbon reductions, by simply meeting the existing SO2 and NOx reduction goals. Accordingly, the CO2 intensity targets are not binding and generate unnecessary compliance costs. This result conveys several policy implications for Korea. First, local pollution abatement, given its strong cross effects, may be considered as a carbon mitigation strategy. However, taking full advantage of the cross effects—meeting emission reduction targets at minimal costs—requires a close coordination between air pollution and carbon regulations. Finally, clear and consistent long-term reduction goals and associated policy incentives are necessary to promote economy-wide, forward-looking technology adoption and thus to avoid the potential lock-in effect in energy supply.
KeywordsCGE model Co-benefits Air pollution Carbon mitigation China Korea
- Chen, Y.-H.H., S. Paltsev, J.M. Reilly, J.F. Morris, and M. Babiker. 2015. The MIT EPPA6 model: Economic growth, energy use, and food consumption, MIT JPSPGC report 278. Cambridge, MA: MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change.Google Scholar
- Government of the Republic of Korea. 2014. Roadmap to meeting the national greenhouse gas reduction goals. http://www.greengrowth.go.kr/cmmn/downloadFile.do?file_seq=5&file_sn=2. Accessed 1 Aug 2015.
- Ministry of Environment (MOE), R.O.K. 2010. Revised basic plan for Seoul metropolitan air quality management (2005–2014). http://www.me.go.kr/mamo/file/readDownloadFile.do;jsessionid=bS36IrXDcMZYmEqOGzIunpipdrKDkyuIcRbEdxLVUTiDrQFjSWhiovM6Uyj7Gp5i.meweb1vhost_servlet_engine1?fileId=84340&fileSeq=1. Accessed 1 Aug 2015.
- Ministry of Environment (MOE), R.O.K. 2013. The second basic plan for Seoul metropolitan air quality management (2015–2024). http://www.me.go.kr/mamo/file/readDownloadFile.do?fileId=97490&fileSeq=1. Accessed 1 Aug 2015.
- Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP), P.R.C. 2012. Ambient air quality standards (GB 3095–2012). http://kjs.mep.gov.cn/hjbhbz/bzwb/dqhjbh/dqhjzlbz/201203/t20120302_224165.htm. Accessed 1 Aug 2015.
- Paltsev, S., J.M. Reilly, H.D. Jacoby, R.S. Eckaus, J. McFarland, M. Sarofim, M. Asadoorian, and M. Babiker. 2005. The MIT emissions prediction and policy analysis (EPPA) model: Version 4, MIT JPSPGC report 125. Cambridge, MA: MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change.Google Scholar
- World Bank, and SEPA (P.R.C. State Environmental Protection Administration). 2007. Cost of pollution in China: Economic estimates of physical damages. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization (WHO). 2006. WHO air quality guidelines for particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide: global update 2005. Geneva: WHO Press.Google Scholar