Self-Determination for the Communication Policy in the Pacific Islands

  • Rieko HayakawaEmail author


Thousands of islands are spread across the vast ocean which covers a third of the earth's surface. Telecommunication development has always presented challenges for their economical, political, and cultural development in this region.

This chapter will discuss firstly, how telecommunication was developed in the Pacific Islands with the launching of undersea cables in early twentieth century and how satellite communication and decolonization developed after the Second World War. Secondly, the chapter will discuss how Pacific Islands people utilize communication networks for their independent movements, even during the colonial time in Vanuatu. Thirdly, how Pacific regional organization utilized free satellite as windfall of US space development.

From these discussions, we will see that the Pacific Islands people and developing countries were not merely passive recipients of telecommunication technologies and its development, but were people who chose and fully utilized them for their political will for their own purposes.


Communication policy Pacific Islands Development 


  1. Bolton, L. (1999). Radio and the redefinition of “Kastom” in Vanuatu. The Contemporary Pacific, 11, 335–360.Google Scholar
  2. Hather, J., & Kirch, P. (2000). Prehistoric sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) from Mangaia Island, Central Polynesia. Antiquity, 65, 887–893.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Headrick, D. R. (1991). The invisible weapon: Telecommunications and international politics, 1851–1945. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Jackson, A. L. (1972). Towards political awareness in the New Hebrides. Journal of Pacific History, 7, 155–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lewis, N. D., & Mukaida, L. (1991). Telecommunications in the Pacific: The PEACESAT experiment. In T. Leinback & S. Burn (Eds.), Collapsing space and time: Geographical aspects of communication and information (pp. 232–251). London: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
  6. Matthewson, C. (2000). Voyages of navigation in distance education. In R. Guy, T. Kosuge, & R. Hayakawa (Eds.), Distance education in the South Pacific: Nets and voyages (pp. 43–97). Suva: The University of the South Pacific.Google Scholar
  7. McMechan, P. (2000). Frameworks for co-operation. In R. Guy, T. Kosuge, & R. Hayakawa (Eds.), Distance education in the South Pacific: Nets and voyages (pp. 247–298). Suva: The University of the South Pacific (Proceedings of the New Hebrides Advisory Council, 22nd Session, 14–17th December 1971)Google Scholar
  8. Rawlings, G. (2012). Statelessness, human rights and decolonisation: Citizenship in Vanuatu, 1906–1980. The Journal of Pacific History, 47, 45–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Renwick, W., King, S. C., & Shale, D. (1991). Distance education at the University of South Pacific. Vancouver: Commonwealth of Learning.Google Scholar
  10. Summerhayes, G. R. (2000). Lapita interaction. Canberra: Australia National University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Takaoka, K. (1954). Doitsu nanyo tochishi ron [Germany South Sea government history]. Tokyo: Nihon Gakujutsu Shinkokai.Google Scholar

Online and Unpublished Reports

  1. “1902 Pacific Cable”, History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications - from the first submarine cable of 1850 to the worldwide fiber optic network.
  2. “Report of the Higher Education Mission to the South Pacific appointed by agreement between the Government of Britain and New Zealand with the co-operation of the Government of Australia”, (Morris Report). (1996). Ministry of Overseas Development, London, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  3. Historical background of International cooperation of ITU.Google Scholar
  4. International Telecommunication Union. (1984). The missing link report of the Independent Commission for World-Wide Telecommunications Development. International Telecommunication Union.Google Scholar
  5. Overview of ITU’s History (8) ITU website.Google Scholar
  6. Proceedings of the New Hebrides Advisory Council, 22nd Session. (1971, December 14–17).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sasakawa Peace FoundationTokyoJapan
  2. 2.University of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations