Advertisement

Can Teacher Preparation Programs Have an Impact on Combating Islamophobia in Public Schools?

  • Saoussan Maarouf

Abstract

As a Muslim educator and a mother of three children, I was always fearful of the day when my kids would come home hurt from Islamophobic bigotry at school.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Al-Sharif, M. B., & Pasque, P. A. (2016, May 4). Addressing islamophobia on college campuses. Higher Education Today. Retrieved from https://higheredtoday.org/2016/05/04/addressing-islamophobia-oncollege-campuses
  2. Aronson, J. (2004). The threat of stereotype. Educational Leadership, 62(3), 14–19.Google Scholar
  3. Bishop, T. (2015, November 20). Being muslim on campus: In the wake of terrorism, the burdens of islamophobia fall especially hard on students. The Atlantic. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/11/muslim-students-university/416994/Google Scholar
  4. Boykin, A. W., Albury, A., Tyler, K. M., Hurley, E. A., Bailey, C. T., & Miller, O. A. (2005). Culture-based perceptions of academic achievement among low-income elementary students. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 11(4), 339–350. Retrieved from http://www.pages.pomona.edu/~eah04747/documents/floridastudy05.pdfCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Capodilupo, C. M., Nadal, K. L., Corman, L., Hamit, S., Lyons, O. B., & Weinberg, A. (2010). The manifestation of gender microaggressions. In D. W. Sue (Ed.), Microaggressions and marginality: Manifestation, dynamics, and impact (pp. 193–216). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  6. Cole, R. W. (Ed.). (1995). Educating everybody’s children: Diverse teaching strategies for diverse learners. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.Google Scholar
  7. Cohen, G. L., Garcia, J., Apfel, N., & Master, A. (2006). Reducing the racial achievement gap: A social psychological intervention. Science, 313(5791), 1307–1310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Conway, G. (1997). Islamophobia: A challenge for us all: Report of the Runnymede Trust commission on British Muslims and islamophobia. London: Runnymede Trust.Google Scholar
  9. Council on American-Islamic Relations. (2016, June 20). Islamophobia and its impact in the Unites State: Confronting fear. Berkeley, CA: Center for Race & Gender. Retrieved from http://www.islamophobia.org/15-reports/179-confronting-fear-islamophobia-and-its-impact-in-theu-s-2013-2015.htmlGoogle Scholar
  10. Dalia, M. (2013, September 25). Islamophobia is made up. The Islamic Monthly. Retrieved from http://theislamicmonthly.com/islamophobia-is-made-up/
  11. Fergus, E. (2009). Understanding Latino students’ schooling experiences: The relevance of skin color among Mexican and Puerto Rican high school students. Teachers College Record, 111(2), 339–375. Retrieved from http://www.tcrecord.org/Content.asp?ContentId=15199Google Scholar
  12. Ferguson, R. F. (2002). What doesn’t meet the eye: Understanding and addressing racial disparities in high-achieving suburban schools. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Howard, T. C. (2010). Why race and culture matter in schools: Closing the achievement gap in America’s classrooms. New York, NY: Teacher College Press.Google Scholar
  14. Keller, R. M., & Galgay, C. E. (2010). Microaggressions experienced by people with disabilities in US society. In D. W. Sue (Ed.), Microaggressions and marginality: Manifestation, dynamics, and impact (pp. 241–268). New York, NY: Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  15. McQueeney, K. (2014). Disrupting islamophobia: Teaching the social construction of terrorism in the mass media. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 26(2), 297–309.Google Scholar
  16. Milner, H. R. (2013). Analyzing poverty, learning, and teaching through a critical race theory lens. Review of Research in Education, 37(1), 1–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nadal, K. L. (2010). Gender microaggressions: Implications for mental health. In M. A. Paludi (Ed.), Feminism and women’s rights worldwide, Volume 2: Mental and physical health (pp. 155–175). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.Google Scholar
  18. Nadal, K. L. (2011). The Racial and Ethnic Microaggressions Scale (REMS): Construction, reliability, and validity. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(4), 470–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nadal, K. L., Rivera, D. P., & Corpus, M. J. H. (2010). Sexual orientation and transgender microaggressions in everyday life: Implications for mental health and counseling. In D. W. Sue (Ed.), Microaggressions and marginality: Manifestation, dynamics, and impact (pp. 217–240). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  20. Nadal, K. L., Issa, M., Leon, J., Meterko, V., Wideman, M., & Wong, Y. (2011). Sexual orientation microaggressions: “Death by a thousand cuts” for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. Journal of LGBT Youth, 8(3), 234–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nadal, K. L., Wong, Y., Griffin, K., Sriken, J., Vargas, V., Wideman, M., & Kolawole, A. (2011). Microaggressions and the multiracial experience. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(7), 36–44.Google Scholar
  22. Nadal, K. L., Griffin, K. E., Hamit, S., Leon, J., Tobio, M., & Rivera, D. P. (2012). Subtle and overt forms of islamophobia: Microaggressions toward muslim Americans. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 6(2), 15–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights. (2011, October 28). Guidelines for educators on countering intolerance and discrimination against Muslims: Addressing islamophobia through education. Warsaw: ODIHR & UNESCO. Retrieved from http://www.osce.org/odihr/84495
  24. Ramarajan, D., & Runell, M. (2007). Confronting islamophobia in education. Intercultural Education, 18(2), 87–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rizga, K. (2015, December 9). This is what it’s like to be a Muslim school kid in America right now: Bullying of Muslim students–even by their teachers–is on the rise. Mother Jones. Retrieved from http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/12/muslim-kids-bullying-schools-teachers-islamophobiaGoogle Scholar
  26. Rizga, K. (2016, January 26). The chilling rise of islamophobia in our schools: Accusations, beatings, even death threats–that’s life for Muslim kids in America. Mother Jones. Retrieved from http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/01/bullying-islamophobia-in-american-schoolsGoogle Scholar
  27. Schaidle, A. K. (2016, May 10). Colleges addressing needs of Muslim student. Diverse Issues in Higher Education. Retrieved from http://diverseeducation.com/article/83977/Google Scholar
  28. Shelton, K., & Delgado-Romero, E. A. (2011). Sexual orientation microaggressions: The experience of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer clients in psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(2), 210–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sue, D. W., Capodilupo, C. M., Torino, G. C., Bucceri, J. M., Holder, A. M. B., Nadal, K. L., & Esquilin, M. (2007). Racial microaggressions in everyday life: Implications for clinical practice. American Psychologist, 62(4), 271–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Winegar, J. (2016, January 19). 4 ways to make schools safer for Muslim students: We risk alienating an entire generation of our kids if schools do not work to make sure they are safe and welcomed. Northwestern Now. Retrieved from https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2016/01/opinion-huffposafe-schoolsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Sense Publishers 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saoussan Maarouf

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations