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The Establishment of a Framework of Communicative Competence of Seafarers

A Systematic Review
  • Lidong Fan
  • Jiangang Fei
  • Ulf Schriever
  • Si Fan

Abstract

With the development of technology and automation of merchant vessels, ship losses have decreased significantly from 1% in 1912 to 0.149% in 2009 (Allianz, 2012). However, the number of accidents categorised as attributable to human elements has not decreased, in which communication failures represent one third of these elements (Trenkner, 2007).

Keywords

International Maritime Organisation Communicative Competence Linguistic Competence Intercultural Communication Interpersonal Competence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Sense Publishers 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lidong Fan
  • Jiangang Fei
  • Ulf Schriever
  • Si Fan

There are no affiliations available

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