The Establishment of a Framework of Communicative Competence of Seafarers

A Systematic Review
  • Lidong Fan
  • Jiangang Fei
  • Ulf Schriever
  • Si Fan


With the development of technology and automation of merchant vessels, ship losses have decreased significantly from 1% in 1912 to 0.149% in 2009 (Allianz, 2012). However, the number of accidents categorised as attributable to human elements has not decreased, in which communication failures represent one third of these elements (Trenkner, 2007).


International Maritime Organisation Communicative Competence Linguistic Competence Intercultural Communication Interpersonal Competence 
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© Sense Publishers 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lidong Fan
  • Jiangang Fei
  • Ulf Schriever
  • Si Fan

There are no affiliations available

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