The Variation in Teaching and Learning Practices and their Contribution to Mathematics Performance in PISA 2012

  • Nordin Abd Razak
  • Azadeh Shafaei


Over the years, the issue of students’ learning has attracted many educational researchers’ attention to investigate various factors that contribute to it. Since students’ learning is related to their academic success or failure, the role of the teacher has been identified as the paramount factor in this regard (e.g., Rockoff, 2004; Hanushek, 2011; Aaronson et al., 2007).


Teaching Practice Learning Strategy Mathematics Anxiety Learning Practice Instrumental Motivation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Sense Publishers 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nordin Abd Razak
    • 1
  • Azadeh Shafaei
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Educational StudiesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Educational StudiesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaMalaysia

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