An Evolutionary Dialogic Between Penal Policy, Education Policy and Related Forms of Social Conformity
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In New York in the 1800s, formalized public school and prison systems emerged simultaneously, with both centering on the socialization of people for participation in society, and both employing techniques of social control to achieve this objective. The functions of contemporary prison schools belong to a historical narrative that begins, in the case of New York State, with the establishment of the reformatory in Elmira in 1876. As the first juvenile detention center that placed academic programs in the hands of professional full-time teachers, Elmira is an important precursor of Passages Academy.
KeywordsSocial Control Criminal Justice System Juvenile Offender Juvenile Justice System Juvenile Court
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