Indigenous Perspectives on EFS in Australia and New Zealand

  • Jenny Ritchie
  • Robyn Bull
  • Whaea Carol Smith
  • Felicity Evans
  • Aunty Vera Sullivan
  • Andrea Marschke
  • Renee Crilly(Dodd)


The term “Indigenous” comes from Latin, in which it means “born of the land” or “springs from the land” (Cardinal, 2001, p. 180). Indigenous perspectives are generated from the land. As Cardinal explains: “Indigenous peoples with their traditions and customs are shaped by the environment, by the land. They have a spiritual, emotional, and physical relationship to that land.


Indigenous People Indigenous Knowledge Torres Strait Islander Torres Strait Islander People Australian Curriculum 
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© Sense Publishers 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jenny Ritchie
    • 1
  • Robyn Bull
    • 2
  • Whaea Carol Smith
    • 3
  • Felicity Evans
    • 4
  • Aunty Vera Sullivan
  • Andrea Marschke
    • 5
  • Renee Crilly(Dodd)
  1. 1.Victoria UniversityWellingtonNew Zealand
  2. 2.Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and EngineeringBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Te RarawaAhipara, Te Tai TokerauNew Zealand
  4. 4.Worked with Communities in Northern Territory and Queensland Yolngu family tiesAustralia
  5. 5.(Former Officer) Embedding Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Perspectives in SchoolsQueensland Department of Education and TrainingBrisbaneAustralia

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