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European Union (EU): Security, Conflict and Migration

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International Conflict and Security Law

Abstract

This chapter discusses EU security and conflict resolution measures. The idea to maintain peace and security in the European continent was the trigger to start integrating European countries under one umbrella. In the European integration process, the security issues have taken a secondary place after the economic integration. Recent developments in the world and the massive movements of persons towards Europe have made EU countries revaluate their approach to migration and security. Terrorist attacks and massive flow of irregular migrants on the shores of Europe has made the European Union set up more instruments to tackle these issues at the European level. Security and migration management is not seen any longer as a sovereign issue of each member state. The chapter provides a short analysis of EU migration policy and legislation in the context of security. Also, the author discusses the role of the European Court of Justice in the issues of security and how the cases have been handled in the situation where the court does not have full competence. Finally, the problematics of internal and external security policy are discussed in the context of security.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Craig and De Burca 2011, p. 4.

  2. 2.

    Article 68, TFEU.

  3. 3.

    For more about human security, see United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security 2020.

  4. 4.

    Craig and De Burca 2011, p. 5.

  5. 5.

    EU undated.

  6. 6.

    Article 21.2 TEU Treaty of European Union

  7. 7.

    EUISS 2016.

  8. 8.

    Roots 2009.

  9. 9.

    Article 22, 24 TEU.

  10. 10.

    Declaration 13 on the common foreign and security policy.

  11. 11.

    Declaration 13 on the common foreign and security policy.

  12. 12.

    Declaration 14 on the common foreign and security policy.

  13. 13.

    Declaration 14 on the common foreign and security policy.

  14. 14.

    Cologne European Council 3–4 June 1999: Conclusions of the Presidency. Available at https://www.europarl.europa.eu/summits/kol1_en.htm.

  15. 15.

    Helsinki European Council 10–11 December 1999: Conclusions of the Presidency. Available at https://www.europarl.europa.eu/summits/hel1_en.htm.

  16. 16.

    Council Decision 2014/75/CFSP of 10 February 2014 on the European Union Institute for Security Studies; OJ L 41 of 12 February 2014;

  17. 17.

    https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/blob/1337496/ed8676e37515e39486ba8fe1f562c2b3/the-european-security-and-defense-policy-data.pdf; accessed 7 May 2018.

  18. 18.

    Glume and Rehrl 2015, p. 68.

  19. 19.

    EUISS 2016.

  20. 20.

    Ibid.

  21. 21.

    EEAS undated.

  22. 22.

    EC 2009.

  23. 23.

    LSE 2004.

  24. 24.

    EC 2015b.

  25. 25.

    Ibid.

  26. 26.

    EC 2015b.

  27. 27.

    Jones 2015.

  28. 28.

    C-544/15 Fahimian, ECLI:EU:C:2017:255.

  29. 29.

    222/84 Johnston v Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, ECLI:EU:C:1986:206,

    point 26.

  30. 30.

    See more discussion in Roots 2014a.

  31. 31.

    See Article 36 TFEU, C-398/98 Commission of the European Communities v Hellenic Republic, ECLI:EU:C:2001:565, points 30–31, C-72/83 Campus Oil, ECLI:EU:C:1984:256, pp. 34–35.

  32. 32.

    See also Article 6, para 2 of Directive 2003/109/EC of 25 November 2003 concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents, OJ L 16, 23.1.2004, pp. 44–53.

  33. 33.

    C-367/89 Richardt, ECLI:EU:C:1991:376, p. 22.

  34. 34.

    See more discussion in Roots 2014b.

  35. 35.

    C-70/94 Werner v Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ECLI:EU:C:1995:328, point 25.

  36. 36.

    European Commission, European Security Strategy (ESS) adopted in 2003.

  37. 37.

    Roots 2012a, 2015a; Park 2015.

  38. 38.

    See more on www.unhcr.org.

  39. 39.

    Roots 2012b, 2015b, 2017, Edwards 2015.

  40. 40.

    See more in Roots 2017, 2012b.

  41. 41.

    Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 further as Dublin regulation, see more in Roots 2017.

  42. 42.

    EC 2015a.

  43. 43.

    Carrera and Guild 2016.

  44. 44.

    IOM 2016.

  45. 45.

    EC 2015b.

  46. 46.

    EC 2015b.

  47. 47.

    LSE 2004.

  48. 48.

    LSE 2004.

  49. 49.

    EC 2015b.

  50. 50.

    Khalaf 2016.

  51. 51.

    Ibid., p. 28.

  52. 52.

    Mitsilegas 2015, p. 29.

  53. 53.

    Park 2015.

  54. 54.

    Roots 2017.

  55. 55.

    EC 2015b, p. 9.

  56. 56.

    United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security 2020

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Roots, L. (2022). European Union (EU): Security, Conflict and Migration. In: Sayapin, S., Atadjanov, R., Kadam, U., Kemp, G., Zambrana-Tévar, N., Quénivet, N. (eds) International Conflict and Security Law. T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6265-515-7_26

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6265-515-7_26

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