Open Data in China

Part of the Information Technology and Law Series book series (ITLS, volume 30)


Recently Open Data has attracted the attention of not only individuals, scholars and NGOs, but also of the governments in China. This chapter introduces the Open Data situation at both the national level and local levels in China. At the national level, Open Data was officially recognized and listed as one of the ten national projects to develop the Big Data industry in 2015. At the local levels, 19 local Open Data portals are online now and are providing downloadable government data to users. In addition, the Open Data Community in China is driving a movement to create an Open Data culture. Despite the progress made by the government and communities to facilitate Open Data initiatives, more needs to be done especially on how to implement those policies and how to improve the Open Data quality. After highlighting lessons learned from the Chinese Open Data experiences, the chapter proposes several suggestions towards establishing an Open Data ecosystem in China.


Open Data China Big Data Open Government Data Open Data Platform Open Policies 


  1. Berners Lee T (2009) Open Data 5 Star Standard. Accessed May 2018
  2. Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reform (2017) Several Suggestions on the Promotion of Public Information Resources Openness. Accessed May 2018
  3. China Internet Network Information Center (2017) China Statistical Report on Internet Development. Accessed May 2018
  4. Feng G (2016) Investigation of Open Data Ecosystem in China: A Timeline Analysis of Shanghai Open Data Initiative. Accessed May 2018
  5. Fudan University (2017) Promoting Governance Ability by Applying Big Data. National Engineer Lab. 2017 Chinese Local Governments Data Open Platform Report. Accessed May 2018
  6. General Office of the State Council (2017a) Implementation Plans of Sharing Government Affairs Information Resource. Accessed May 2018
  7. General Office of the State Council (2017b) Guideline for Government Website Development. Accessed May 2018
  8. General Office of the State Council, Legislative Affairs Office (2017) Opinion Soliciting Draft of Open Government Information. Accessed May 2018
  9. Global Open Index Team (2016) Five findings from 2016’s GODI. Accessed May 2018
  10. Hequan W (2017) Challenges of Big Data Sharing and Openness. Accessed May 2018
  11. Lei Z (2015) Status, issues and difficulties of the Chinese local government open data. Accessed May 2018
  12. Li Keqiang (2015) Li Keqiang on the government data statement: Open! Accessed May 2018
  13. Mei X, Wei W, Chengfeng L, Xiaomeng W (2017) Towards Smart China: Strategy for the Next Level of Chinese NSDI, Geomatics World 122:57–62. Accessed May 2018
  14. Open Data Barometer (2016) Openness of China in 2016. Accessed May 2018.
  15. Open Data China (2014) Main Work of Open Data China. Accessed May 2018
  16. Open Knowledge International (2017) The Open Definition. Accessed May 2018
  17. State Council (2007) Regulation of the People’s Republic of China on Open Government Information. Accessed May 2018
  18. State Council (2015) Action Plan to Promote Big Data Development. Accessed May 2018

Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser press and the authors 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chongqing Survey InstituteChongqingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations