Legal Measures and Strategies Against Violence at Football Events in Germany

Part of the ASSER International Sports Law Series book series (ASSER)


This chapter investigates the policing of football supporters in Germany and the legal measures and strategies designed to reduce the problem of football crowd disorder and violence. It argues that football supporters have been made the subject of a number of experimental techniques for the control of groups within German society, which are considered to be problematic. The author analyses a number of such techniques and critiques: some of these are based upon their impact on the civil and human rights of football supporters.


Football Supporters Policing Germany Ultras Pyrotechnics Fan projects 


  1. Gabler J (2011) Die Ultras: Fußballfans und Fußballkulturen in Deutschland. Papyrossa, KölnGoogle Scholar
  2. Orth JF (2009) Gefährdungshaftung für Anhänger? SpuRt 2009:10–13Google Scholar
  3. Ruf C (2014) Kurven-Rebellen: Die Ultras—Einblicke in eine widersprüchliche Szene. Die Werkstatt, GöttingenGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser press and the authors 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Noli, Seidler, Fischer and van BrachtMunichGermany

Personalised recommendations