A Synthesis of the Issues, Challenges, and Dilemmas

  • Michael Kariwo
  • Tatiana Gounko
  • Musembi Nungu


For several decades, national higher education systems have been experiencing dramatic transformation brought about by global economic and social trends. After the end of the Cold War in the 1990s and the subsequent rapid economic and cultural globalization, we witnessed significant changes in higher education in developing countries, emerging market economies as well as established “academic powers” (Altbach, 2013).


High Education International Student High Education System Emigration Rate Emerge Market Economy 
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© Sense Publishers 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Kariwo
  • Tatiana Gounko
  • Musembi Nungu

There are no affiliations available

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