A Brief Introduction to Hierarchical Linear Modeling

  • Jason W. Osborne
  • Shevaun D. Neupert


Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM; also referred to as multilevel modeling or MLM) is becoming more common throughout all areas of the social sciences because of its flexibility and unique advantages not present in more traditional techniques (Osborne, 2000).


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© Sense Publishers 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason W. Osborne
  • Shevaun D. Neupert

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