The Rising ‘China Model’ of Educational Cooperation with Africa
Globalization and the economic growth of some developing countries are not new issues. Moreover, when globalization takes the form of a knowledge-based economy, education is increasingly becoming a crucial factor in the contemporary neo-liberal market of the world (Robertson, 2007, p. 19). Educational practice is embedded in economic activities as well as political competition and is also present within the complexity of international relations.
KeywordsVocational Education Foreign Student United Republic African Student Confucius Institute
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Centre for African Studies of Peking University (2005). China Africa education cooperation (in Chinese). Beijing: Beijing University Press.Google Scholar
- Chin, G. T., & Frolic, B. M. (2007). Emerging donors in international development assistance: The China case. Ottawa: The International Development Research Centre.Google Scholar
- CSC (2009). Chinese government scholarship scheme. Available online at: http://en.csc.edu.cn/Laihua/11678d1ad1114276a296ca1f3da38f99.shtml (accessed 10 August 2011).
- CSC (2011). Notice to international students studying in China. Available online at: http://en.csc.edu.cn/Laihua/dd6ed814b3074388b197734f041a42bb.shtml (accessed 10 August 2011).
- Dale, R. (2010). Revisiting mechanisms of external influence on educational policies. Paper presented at the La Educación para Todos en América Latina Seminar. Barcelona, 20–22 October.Google Scholar
- Department of Aid for Foreign Countries, Ministry of Commerce of the PRC (2007). National foreign aid training conference held in Beijing on 26th July (in Chinese). Available online at: http://lb2.mofcom.gov.cn/aarticle/zc/chineseeconomic/200805/20080505523932.html (accessed 12 December 2010).
- DFID (2009). The DFID white paper and the world bank: Missing the point? Available online at: http://www.brettonwoodsproject.org/art-565120 (accessed 10 January 2011).
- Embassy of the PRC in the United Republic of Tanzania (2008). Cultural relation between China and Tanzania. Available online at: http://tz.China-embassy.org/eng/ztgx/whjy/t422282.htm (accessed 13 June 2009).
- FOCAC (2006). Declaration of the Beijing Summit of the forum on China-Africa cooperation. Available online at: http://www.focac.org/eng/ltda/dscbzjhy/DOC32009/t606841.htm (accessed 2 March 2008).
- FOCAC (2009). Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Sharm el Sheikh Action Plan (2010–2012). Available online at: http://www.focac.org/eng/dsjbzjhy/hywj/t626387.htm (accessed 2 December 2009).
- Garrett, R. M. (1994). Aid and education: The ecology of aid, in: R. M. Garrett (Ed.), Aid and education: Mending or spending? Bristol: Centre for International Studies in Education.Google Scholar
- Government of the United Republic of Tanzania and the Government of the PRC (1992). Cultural agreement between the government of the United Republic of Tanzania and the government of the People’s Republic of China. Dodoma.Google Scholar
- Harbison, F. H., & Myers, C. A. (1964). Education, manpower and economic growth. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Li, B. (2007). On the issues concerned with China-Africa educational cooperation. Available online at: http://www.cctr.ust.hk/materials/conference/China-Africa/papers/Li,Baoping-Eng.pdf (accessed 6 June 2008).
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the PRC (2005). Sino-African Education Minister Forum issues Beijing Declaration. Available online at: http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/zflt/eng/zt/zfjybzlt/t223750.htm (accessed 20 April 2009).
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the PRC (2006). China’s Africa policy. Available online at: http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/zxxx/t230615.htm (accessed 15 April 2009).
- Mosley, P., Noorbakhsh, F. & Paloni, A. (2003). Compliance with world bank conditionality: Implications for the selectivity approach to policy-based lending and the design of conditionality. Available online at: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/economics/credit/research/papers/CP.03.20.pdf (accessed 1 January 2008).
- Robertson, S. (2007). ‘Remaking the world’: Neo-liberalism and the transformation of education and teachers’ labour. In L. Weis & M. Compton (Eds.) The global assault on teachers, teaching and their unions. New York: Palgrave.Google Scholar
- Robertson, S., Novelli, M., Dale, R., Tikly, L., Dachi, H., & Alphonce, N. (2007). Globalisation, education and development: Ideas, actors and dynamics. London: DFID Publications.Google Scholar
- Rostow, W. W. (1960). The stages of economic growth. A non-communist manifesto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Welle-Strand, A. (2010). Foreign aid strategies: China taking over? Asian Social Science, 6(10), 3–13.Google Scholar
- Xinhuanet (2009). President Hu visited the cemetery of Chinese experts in Tanzania (in Chinese). Published on 16 February. Available online at: http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2009–02/16/content_10824580.htm (accessed 5 May 2010).
- Yuan, T. (2011a). China’s aid modalities of human resource development in Africa and an exploration in Tanzania: Differences and recognitions. Paper presented at Development Studies Association-European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes Annual Conference. York, 19–22 September.Google Scholar
- Yuan, T. (2011b). ‘Diploma’ serves ‘diplomacy’? Politics of Chinese government scholarships in Tanzania”, NORRAG Newsletter, 45, 126–127.Google Scholar