The Trialogical Approach as a New form of Mediation

  • Sami Paavola
  • Ritva Engeström
  • Kai Hakkarainen
Part of the Technology Enhanced Learning book series (TEL, volume 7)


An emerging trend in theories about human learning and cognition is emphasizing collaboration, creative processes, and the use of new technology. Various changes in modern society form a basis for the change in learning theories, such as: 1) the rapid development of new technology which has formed and continues to form qualitatively new opportunities for distributed interaction and collaboration, 2) the pressure to create – and learn deliberately to create – new knowledge and transform existing practices in various areas of life, and 3) the complexity of modern society which means that people must combine their expertise to solve often unforeseen complex problems because individuals cannot solve problems alone.


Design Principle Knowledge Creation Knowledge Building Shared Object Collaborative Knowledge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Sense Publishers 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sami Paavola
    • 1
  • Ritva Engeström
    • 2
  • Kai Hakkarainen
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Behavioural SciencesUniversity of HelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Institute of Behavioural SciencesUniversity of HelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Department of EducationUniversity of TurkuFinland

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