Alternatives to The World Bank’s Strategies For Education and Development

  • Anne Hickling-Hudson
  • Steven J. Klees
Part of the Comparative and International Education book series (CIEDV, volume 14)


Over the past several decades, policy has become increasingly global. In economics, for example, policy has followed the so-called Washington Consensus of privatization, liberalization, and deregulation. In education, global policy has included the proliferation of strategies including standardized testing, paraprofessional teachers, user fees, and privatization. There are many problems with these neoliberal policies. Foremost among them, is the havoc they wreak on the lives of so many children and adults. Poverty, inequality, and myriad associated problems have reached new heights in this neoliberal era. Moreover, these policies have been adopted uncritically and alternative policies have been ignored, which leads to our focus here.


Global Fund International Education Multiple Intelligence Public Sector Worker Educational Equity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Sense Publishers 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Hickling-Hudson
    • 1
  • Steven J. Klees
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationQueensland University of TechnologyAustralia
  2. 2.College of EducationUniversity of MarylandU.S.A.

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