Advertisement

‘Digital Native’ and ‘Digital Immigrant’ Discourses

A Critique
  • Siân Bayne
  • Jen Ross
Part of the Educational Futures Rethinking Theory and Practice book series (EDUFUT, volume 50)

Abstract

This paper takes a critical approach to a discourse still commonly applied in our discussions and understandings of the relationship between practitioners in higher education and the new digital technologies – that of the distinction between the socalled ‘digital native’ and ‘digital immigrant’. We critique this over-simplistic binary from a range of perspectives, highlighting its tendency to de-privilege the role of the teacher, its implicit alignment with an understanding of higher education as market-driven and commodified, and its reliance on a series of highly problematic and dangerously deterministic metaphors. We end the paper with a call for a more carefully critical and nuanced understanding of the effects of new technologies on the practices and subject positions of learners and teachers in higher education.

Keywords

High Education Asylum Seeker Digital Technology Subject Position Immigrant Student 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Amirault, R., & Visser, Y. (2009). The university in periods of technological change: A historically grounded perspective. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 21(1).Google Scholar
  2. Barnes, K., Marateo, R., & Pixy Ferris, S. (2007, April/May). Teaching and learning with the net generation. Innovate: Journal of Online Education, 3(4). Retrieved November 15, 2007, from http://www.innovateonline.info/index.php?view=artixcle&id=382&action=article
  3. Bayne, S. (2005). Deceit, desire and control: The identities of learners and teachers in cyberspace. In R. Land & S. Bayne (Eds.), Education in cyberspace. London: RoutledgeFalmer.Google Scholar
  4. Bayne, S. (2006). Networked learning with digital texts. In Networked learning 2006 proceedings. Lancaster University. Retrieved May 20, 2008, from http://www.networkedlearningconference.org.uk/past/nlc2006/abstracts/pdfs/P13%20Bayne.PDF
  5. Bennett, S., Maton, K., & Kervin, L. (2008). The ‘digital natives’ debate: A critical review of the evidence. British Journal of Educational Technology, 39(5).Google Scholar
  6. Butler, J. (1993). Bodies that matter. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Charteris-Black, J. (2006). Britain as a container: Immigration metaphors in the 2005 election campaign. Discourse and Society, 17.Google Scholar
  8. Clegg, S., Hudson, A., & Steel, J. (2003). The emperor’s new clothes: Globalisation and e-learning in higher education. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 24(1), 39–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cousin, G. (2005). Learning from cyberspace. In R. Land & S. Bayne (Eds.), Education in cyberspace (pp. 117–129). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Davies, B. (2003). Death to critique and dissent? The policies and practices of new managerialism and of ‘Evidence-based practice’. Gender and Education, 15(1).Google Scholar
  11. De Saille, S. (2006). A cyberian in the multiverse: Towards a feminist subject position for cyberspace. In Leeds: Thinking gender conference 2006.Google Scholar
  12. Dede, C. (2005). Planning for neomillennial learning styles. Educause, 28(1). Retrieved March 18, 2008, from http://www.connect.educause.edu/Library/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/PlanningforNeomillennialL/39899
  13. Derrida, J. (1981). Positions (A. Bass, Trans.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  14. Fairclough, N. (1993). Critical discourse analysis and the marketization of public discourse: The universities. Discourse and Society, 4(2), 133–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fenwick, T. (2000). Expanding conceptions of experiential learning: A review of the five contemporary perspectives on cognition. Adult Education Quarterly, 50(4).Google Scholar
  16. Goodfellow, R., & Lea, M. (2007). Challenging E-learning in the university: A literacies perspective. Maidenhead: OUP.Google Scholar
  17. Helsper, E. (2008). Digital natives and ostrich tactics? The possible implications of labelling young people as digital experts. In Beyond current horizons review paper, Challenge #2. Retrieved from http://www.beyondcurrenthorizons.org.uk/digital-natives-and-ostrich-tactics-the-possible-implications-of-labelling-young-people-as-digital-experts/
  18. Herring, S. (2008). Questioning the generational divide: Technological exoticism and adult constructions of online youth identity. In D. Buckingham (Ed.), Youth, identity, and digital media. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation series on digital media and learning. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  19. Howe, N., & Strauss, W. (2000). Millennials rising: The next great generation. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  20. JISC. (2007, July). Student expectations study. Retrieved November 8, 2007, from http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/publications/studentexpectations.pdf
  21. JISC. (2008, January). Information behaviour of the researcher of the future. Retrieved May 20, 2008, from http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/programmes/reppres/gg_final_keynote_11012008.pdf
  22. Jones, Chris; Ramanau, Ruslan; Cross, Simon and Healing, Graham (2010). Net generation or DigitalGoogle Scholar
  23. Natives: Is there a distinct new generation entering university? Computers and Education, 54(3), 722–732.Google Scholar
  24. Kennedy, G. E., & Krause, K. (2008). First year students’ experiences with technology: Are they really digital natives? Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 24(1), 108–122.Google Scholar
  25. Krause, K. (2007). Who is the e-generation and how are they faring in higher education? In J. Lockard & M. Pegrum (Eds.), Brave new classrooms: Democratic education and the Internet (pp. 125–139). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  26. Leu, D., Coiro, J., Knobel, M., & Lankshear, C. (2007). The handbook of research on new literacies. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  27. Littleton, F., Haywood, J., & Macleod, H. (2005, June). Influence of videogame play on a student’s approach to learning? In M. Burmester, D. Gerhard, & F. Thissen (Eds.), Digital game based learning: Proceedings of the 4th international symposium for information design. Stuttgart Media University.Google Scholar
  28. Long, S. A. (2005). Digital natives: If you aren’t one, get to know one. New Library World, 106(1210/1211), 187–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. McWilliam, E. L. (2002). Against professional development. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 34(3), 289–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Monereo, C. (2004). The virtual construction of the mind: The role of educational psychology. Interactive Educational Multimedia, 9.Google Scholar
  31. NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration). (1999). Falling through the net: Defining the digital divide. Retrieved November 8, 2007, from http://www.ntia.doc.gov/ntiahome/fttn99/contents.html
  32. Oblinger, D. (2003, July/August). Boomers, gen-Xers and millennials: Understanding the new students. Educause Review. Retrieved November 11, 2007, from http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/erm0342.pdf
  33. Olson, K. (2005). Cyberspace as place and the limits of metaphor. Convergence, 11, 1.Google Scholar
  34. Owen, M. (2004, June). The myth of the digital native. Futurelab. Retrieved November 8, 2007, from http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/publications_reports_articles/web_articles/Web_Article561
  35. Palfrey, J., & Gasser, U. (2008). Born digital: Understanding the first generation of digital natives. New York: Basic.Google Scholar
  36. Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. In On the horizon (Vol. 9, No. 5). NCB University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Sandford, R. (2006, December 14). Digital post-colonialism. Flux. Retrieved November 8, 2007, from http://www.flux.futurelab.org.uk/2006/12/14/digital-post-colonialism/
  38. Sardar, Z. (2000). Alt.Civilizations.FAQ: Cyberspace as the darker side of the west. In D. Bell & B. Kennedy (Eds.), The cybercultures reader. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  39. Selwyn, N. (2009). The digital native – myth and reality. Aslib Proceedings, 61(4).Google Scholar
  40. Sheely, S. (2008). Latour meets the digital natives: What do we really know. In Proceedings from ASCILITE 2008. Melbourne.Google Scholar
  41. Stoerger, S. (2009). The digital melting pot: Bridging the digital native–immigrant divide. First Monday, 14(7). Retrieved from http://www.firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/2474/2243
  42. Thompson, J. (2007, April/May). Is education 1.0 ready for web 2.0 students? Innovate: Journal of Online Education, 3(4).Google Scholar
  43. Usher, R., & Edwards, R. (1994). Postmodernism and education. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Sense Publishers 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siân Bayne
    • 1
  • Jen Ross
    • 2
  1. 1.University of EdinburghUK
  2. 2.University of EdinburghUK

Personalised recommendations