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Combinations of Quantum Physical Systems

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Abstract

The structure of quantum systems is studied by “looking at them” with light or with other quantum systems such as electrons that are usually more fundamental and have less structure than the physical system being investigated. If a quantum particle has no internal structure and is a point object, it is fundamental and is called an elementary particle.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of TexasAustinUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsCINVESTAVMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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