Punica granatum L.
Punica granatum L., popularly known as “romã,” “romanzeira,” “mangrano” and “granado” in Latin America and as “pomegranate” in English, recently has been reported to have a high medicinal value. This plant is native to Southwest Asia, more specifically the Middle East, and grows mainly in arid and dry regions with direct solar incidence. The main plant organs used for medicinal purposes are the fruits, particularly the fruit peel, which is usually used to treat infections and inflammation, and the spongy membrane (rag) surrounding the seeds, which is used to produce juice. The main compounds responsible for the biological activity of fruits are polyphenols, ellagic acids and tannins. The wide range and versatility of the medicinal uses of P. granatum have made it the focus of several studies, specifically for its medicinal potential against inflammation and bacterial and fungal infections.
KeywordsPomegranate Medicinal use Inflamation Phytochemical compounds
We are especially grateful to the National Institute of Science and Technology in Ethnobiology, Bioprospecting and Nature Conservation, certified by CNPq, with financial support from FACEPE (Foundation for the Support of Science and Technology of the State of Pernambuco).
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