Ptychopetalum olacoides Benth.

  • Leonardo Frasson dos Reis
  • Fúlvio Rieli Mendes
Part of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the World book series (MAPW, volume 5)


The Ptychopetalum olacoides Benth. (Olacaceae) is an Amazonian tree popularly known as muirapuama or marapuama, among other names, which is used for several central nervous system related problems. The roots and occasionally the bark roots are the main medicinal parts employed and are prepared as an alcoholic infusion, tinctures, and tea. Phytochemical studies revealed that the roots contain tannins, flavonoids, and several terpenoids, while the presence of alkaloids is not clear. Most studies used ethanolic or hydroalcoholic extracts prepared with the roots of the plant. These studies indicate that the species has promising potential for treating central nervous system disorders, acting as an antidepressant, an anti-stress, a neuroprotective agent, and improving cognition. Although some herbal products contain P. olacoides in their composition, clinical studies are still needed to confirm the effects observed in pre-clinical studies.


Ptychopetalum olacoides Olacaceae Muirapuama Neuroprotective Neurotonic Catuama 



The authors thank Prof. Wayne Losano for the grammar review.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonardo Frasson dos Reis
    • 1
  • Fúlvio Rieli Mendes
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Matemática, Computação e CogniçãoUniversidade Federal do ABCSão Bernardo do CampoBrazil
  2. 2.Centro de Ciências Naturais e HumanasUniversidade Federal do ABCSão Bernardo do CampoBrazil

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