Phyllanthus niruri L.
Phyllanthus niruri L. (Euphorbiaceae), known as “quebra-pedra” or “stone breaker” is widely employed in folk medicine to treat ailments including disturbances of kidney and urinary bladder, intestinal infections, diabetes, hepatitis B virus, pain disorders, dyspepsia, vaginitis, tumors, diarrhea, epilepsy, malaria, hypertension, fever, inflammatory and dolorous processes. It is the most studied species of the Genus as regards chemical and biological aspects. Several experimental models have confirmed its medicinal properties, which are in general, related to the presence of phenolic compounds (flavonoids, tannins) and lignans. Interestingly, this plant was one of the first clinically studied species in Brazil, demonstrating the significant increase in renal calculi elimination.
KeywordsPhyllanthus niruri Renal and urinary problems Phenolic compounds
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