Advertisement

Lychnophora pinaster Mart.

  • Paulo Sérgio Siberti da Silva
  • Maria Aparecida Ribeiro Vieira
  • Marcia Ortiz Mayo MarquesEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the World book series (MAPW, volume 5)

Abstract

Lychnophora pinaster Mart. (arnica mineira; arnica-da-serra) belongs to the family Asteraceae and is one of the main species of the genus Lychnophora. It is vulnerable to extinction and found exclusively in the Minas Gerais State-Brazil, with native populations showing disjunct distribution along the Espinhaço Range of the Minas Gerais State. The plant has high cultural value because of its intensive use in folk medicine, where its preparations are used for epidermal or oral administration. Its leaves, branches and flowers are obtained from predatory and indiscriminate harvesting in natural populations. Studies with the plant are promising. Its extracts contain active compounds against trypomastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi, and present anti-inflammatory and bactericidal activities. The plant is considered to be a potential source of chemoprophylactic agents.

Keywords

Cerrado Rupestrian fields Arnica-mineira Medicinal plant Biological activity 

References

  1. Abreu VGC, Takahashi JA, Duarte LP, Piló-Veloso D, Junior PAS, Alves RO, Romanha AJ, Alcântara AFC (2011) Evaluation of the bactericidal and trypanocidal activities of triterpenes isolated from the leaves, stems, and flowers of Lychnophora pinaster. Braz J Pharmacog 21(4):615–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abreu VGC, Correa GM, Silva TM, Fontoura HS, Cara DC, Piló-Veloso D, Alcântara AFC (2013) Anti-inflammatory effects in muscle injury by transdermal application of gel with Lychnophora pinaster aerial parts using phonophoresis in rats. BMC Complement Altern M 13(270):2–8Google Scholar
  3. Alcântara AFC, Silveira D, Chiari E, Oliveira AB, Guimarães JE, Raslan DS (2005) Comparative analysis of the trypanocidal activity and chemical properties of E-lychnophoric acid and its derivatives using theoretical calculations. Eclét Quím 30(3):37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Almeida SP, Proença CEB, Sano SM, Ribeiro JF (1998) Cerrado: espécies vegetais úteis. EMBRAPA-CPAC, PlanaltinaGoogle Scholar
  5. Andrade EA (2013) Composição florística e estrutura da vegetação de campo rupestre sobre quartzito no Complexo Serra da Bocaina-MG [Tese]. Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras. LavrasGoogle Scholar
  6. Carvalho DA (1992) Flora fanerogâmica de campos rupestres da Serra da Bocaina, Minas Gerais: caracterização e lista de espécies. Ciên Prát 16:97–122Google Scholar
  7. Chiari E, Oliveira AB, Raslan DS, Mesquita AAL, Tavares KG (1991) Screening in vitro of natural-products against blood forms of Trypanosoma cruzi. Trans Roy Soc Trop Med H 85(3):372–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chiari E, Duarte DS, Raslan DS, Saúde DA, Perry KSP, Boaventura MAD, Grandi TSM, Stehmann JR, Anjos AMG, Oliveira AB (1996) In vitro Screening of Asteraceae Plant Species Against Trypanosoma cruzi. Phytother Res 10(7):636–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Conselho Estadual de Política Ambiental do Estado de Minas Gerais – Copam [Internet]. Lista das espécies ameaçadas de extinção da flora do Estado de Minas Gerais. Deliberação COPAM 85/97 [Cited 2014 Jul 15]. Available from: http://www.biodiversitas.org.br/florabr/mg-especies-ameacadas.pdf
  10. Coyle NC, Jones SB (1981) Lychnophora (Compositae: Vernonieae), a genus endemic to the brazilian planalto. Brittonia 33(4):528–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cupolilo SMN, Gollner AM, Souza RLP, Tiago DAG, Lima VBR, Lima TS (2007) Investigation of damage effects by antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive doses of dexamethasone on mice’s gastric mucosal. HU Rev 33:17–22Google Scholar
  12. Duarte DS, Raslan DS, Chiari E, Oliveira AB (1993) Trypanocidal activity of Lychnophora pinaster Mart. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 88:240Google Scholar
  13. Ferraz Filha ZS, Lombardi JA, Guzzo LS, Saúde-Guimarães DA (2012) Brine shrimp (Artemia salina Leach) bioassay of extracts from Lychnophoriopsis candelabrum and different Lychnophora species. Rev Bras Plant Med 14(2):358–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ferreira AA, Azevedo AO, Silveira D, Oliveira PM, Castro MSA, Raslan DS (2005) Constituents of Lychnophora pinaster hydroalcoholic extract. Chem Nat Compd 41(4):466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Forbes VE, Forbes TL (1994) Ecotoxicology in theory and practice. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. Giulietti AM, Menezes NL, Pirani JR, Meguro M, Wanderley MGL (1987) Flora da Serra do cipó, Minas Gerais: caracterização e lista de espécies. Bol Bot Univ São Paulo 9:1–151Google Scholar
  17. Guzzo CA, Lazarus GS, Werth V (1996) Dermatological pharmacology. In: Hardman JG, Limbird LE, Molinoff PB, Ruddon RW, Gilman AG (eds) Goodman & Gilman’s the pharmacological basis of therapeutics, 9th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, pp 1604–1606Google Scholar
  18. Guzzo LS, Saúde-Guimarães DA, Silva ACA, Lombardi JA, Guimarães HN, Grabe-Guimarães A (2008) Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of ethanolic extracts of Lychnophora species. J Ethnopharmacol 116:120–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jacobi CM, Carmo FF (2008) Diversidade dos campos rupestres ferruginosos no Quadrilátero Ferrífero, MG. Megadiversidade 4(1–2):26–33Google Scholar
  20. Mansanares ME, Forni-Martins ER, Semir J (2002) Chromosome numbers in the genus Lychnophora Mart. (Lychnophorinae, Vernonieae, Asteraceae). Caryologia 55(4):367–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Oliveira AB, Saúde DA, Perry KSP, Duarte DS, Raslan DS, Boaventura MAD, Chiari E (1996) Trypanocidal sesquiterpenes from Lychnophora species. Phytother Res 10(4):292–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rapini A, Ribeiro PL, Lambert S, Spirani JR (2008) A flora dos campos rupestres da Cadeia do Espinhaço. Megadiversidade 4(1–2):17–24Google Scholar
  23. Reis ES, Pinto JEBP, Bertolucci SKV, Corrêa RM, Paula JR, Andrade ST, Ferri PH (2010) Seasonal variation in essential oils of Lychnophora pinaster Mart. J Essent Oil Res 22(2):147–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rodrigues VEG, Carvalho DA (2001) Levantamento etnobotânico de plantas medicinais no domínio dos cerrados na região do Alto Rio Grande – Minas Gerais. Ciênc Agrotec 25:101–123Google Scholar
  25. Saadi A (1995) A geomorfologia da Serra do Espinhaço em Minas Gerais e de suas margens. Geonomos 3:41–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Santos FR, Lacerda DR, Redondo RA, Nascimento AMA, Chartone-Souza E, Borba EL, Ribeiro RA, Lovato MB (2009) Diversidade genética. In: Drummond GM, Martins CS, Vieira F (eds) Biota Minas: Diagnóstico do conhecimento da diversidade genética. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, pp 390–410Google Scholar
  27. Semir J (1991) Revisão taxonômica de Lychnophora Mart. (Vernoniaceae: Compositae) [Tese]. Universidade de Campinas, CampinasGoogle Scholar
  28. Semir J, Rezende AR, Monge M, Lopes NP (2011) As Arnicas Endêmicas das Serras do Brasil. Editora UFOP, Ouro PretoGoogle Scholar
  29. Shorr AF (2007) Epidemiology and economic impact of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Pharmacoeconomics 25:751–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Silveira D, Souza Filho JD, Oliveira AB, Raslan DS (2005a) Lychnophoric acid from Lychnophora pinaster: a complete and unequivocal assignment by NMR spectroscopy. Eclet Quim 30:37–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Silveira D, Wagner H, Chiari E, Lombardi JA, Assunção AC, Oliveira AB, Raslan DS (2005b) Biological activity of the aqueous extract of Lychnophora pinaster Mart. Braz J Pharmacog 15(4):294–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tropicos.org (2013) Missouri Botanical Garden [Internet]. Lychnophora pinaster Mart [cited 2014 Sep 13]. Available from: http://www.tropicos.org/Name/2738593
  33. Viana PL, Lombardi JA (2007) Florística e caracterização dos campos rupestres sobre canga na Serra da Calçada, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Rodriguésia 58:159–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Who (World Health Organization) (2014) [Internet]. Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) [cited 2014 Sep 14]. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs340/en/

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paulo Sérgio Siberti da Silva
    • 1
  • Maria Aparecida Ribeiro Vieira
    • 1
  • Marcia Ortiz Mayo Marques
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Instituto AgronômicoCampinasBrazil

Personalised recommendations