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Lonchocarpus araripensis Benth. (Fabaceae)

  • Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva AlmeidaEmail author
  • Ana Carolina Murta Ramalho
  • Fernanda Guerra da Silveira
Chapter
Part of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the World book series (MAPW, volume 5)

Abstract

Lonchocarpus Kunth. is the most diverse genus of the Millettieae tribe, in the Neotropics. It is known for its problematic taxonomy due to their historical links with the genera Deguelia, Derris, Muellera and Philenoptera. Approximately 23 species of Lonchocarpus are recorded for Brazil. Lonchocarpus araripensis Benth. was previously classified as Derris araripensis Benth Ducke. This species is found in Northeast Brazil, where it is used in the folk medicine to treat pain and inflammation. Phytochemical investigations have proved that Lonchocarpus is a rich source of phenol compounds, including flavones, chalcones, flavonols, flavans, flavanones, and aurones. Flavonoids and one triterpenoid compound have been isolated and identified from L. araripensis which showed important biological activities, such as antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective. L. araripensis could be considered a rich source of flavonoids, confirming previous investigations into this species. Chemical constituents isolated from L. araripensis possess promising biological activities. Structure-activity relationship studies are necessary to determine the true pharmacological potential of these metabolites.

Keywords

Lonchocarpus araripensis Fabaceae Flavonoids Biological activity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ana Carolina Murta Ramalho
    • 1
  • Fernanda Guerra da Silveira
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Studies and Research of Medicinal Plants (NEPLAME)Federal University of Vale do São Francisco (UNIVASF)PetrolinaBrazil

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