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Chemical Diversity and Ethnopharmacological Survey of South American Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Species

  • Rodney Alexandre Ferreira Rodrigues
  • Glyn Mara FigueiraEmail author
  • Adilson Sartoratto
  • Lais Thiemi Yamane
  • Verônica Santana de Freitas-Blanco
Chapter
Part of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the World book series (MAPW, volume 5)

Abstract

The present chapter is a short review providing information about the chemical constituents of some South American plant species used by local communities in countries of this continent except the Falkland Islands and Surinam. Many plants found in the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela have valuable phytotherapeutic applications in alternative medicine. This chapter presents information reported in the scientific literature concerning the most significant plant families used in folk medicine, considering their chemical compositions and highlighting the following categories: alkaloids, an important class of biologically active compounds; phenolics, especially flavonoids; and essential oils.

Keywords

South American countries Chemical composition Ethnopharmacology Traditional medicine Phytotherapy Medicinal and aromatic species Biodiversity Alkaloids Phenolic compounds Essential oils Flavonoids 

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodney Alexandre Ferreira Rodrigues
    • 1
  • Glyn Mara Figueira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Adilson Sartoratto
    • 1
  • Lais Thiemi Yamane
    • 1
  • Verônica Santana de Freitas-Blanco
    • 1
  1. 1.CPQBA/UNICAMP, Chemical, Biological and Agricultural Research CenterUniversity of CampinasPauliniaBrazil

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