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Echinodorus macrophyllus (Kunth) Micheli

  • Maria Izabela Ferreira
  • Gabriela Granghelli Gonçalves
  • Lin Chau MingEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the World book series (MAPW, volume 5)

Abstract

Echinodorus macrophyllus (Kunth) Micheli pertaining to Alismataceae family, is a perennial, rhizomatous and aquatic herb that also occurs in wetlands and flooding areas, in several countries of South America. In Brazil, it is known as chapéu-de-couro, chá-mineiro, erva-de-pântano, erva-de-bugre, congonha-do-brejo e erva-do-brejo. Other species of the genus, such as E. grandiflorus is also used in folk medicine, with very similar indications for use. E. macrophyllus leaves have been used in folk medicine in the form of decoction, infusion, or bottled, considered a reputed remedy for the treatment of infections, respiratory diseases, inflammatory conditions, kidney dysfunctions, diuretic, anti-hypertensive and against pains of the genito-urinary system. Although many studies have shown positive results in preclinical trials and this herb seems to be safe to human organism, it is important to be careful with its indiscriminate use to avoid side effects and health damage, as well as with collection practices. In Brazil, this species is still wild-crafted and extensively extracted. These are conditions that make it a high-priority species for conservation.

Keywords

Chapéu-de-couro Aquatic herbs Antihypertensive drugs Diuretic plants 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Izabela Ferreira
    • 1
  • Gabriela Granghelli Gonçalves
    • 1
  • Lin Chau Ming
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Horticulture Department, School of Agronomic SciencesUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)BotucatuBrazil

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