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Croton zehntneri Pax & K. Hoffm (Euphorbiaceae)

  • Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva AlmeidaEmail author
  • Ana Carolina Murta Ramalho
  • Fernanda Guerra da Silveira
Chapter
Part of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the World book series (MAPW, volume 5)

Abstract

The family Euphorbiaceae is comprised of 300 genera and some 7500 species widely distributed over the world, especially in the tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, Africa and Asia. Croton is one of the most important genera of this family that comprises about 1300 species widespread in Africa, Asia and South America. This genus is rich in constituents with biological activities, chiefly diterpenoids such as phorbol esters, clerodane, labdane, kaurane, trachylobane, pimarane, etc. Croton is also rich in alkaloids, flavonoids, triterpenoids and steroids. Several species are aromatic, indicating the presence of volatile oils. Croton zehntneri Pax & K. Hoffm. is native to Northeastern Brazil, where it is often used in folk medicine to treat anxiety, as sedative, appetite stimulating, antianorexigen and for the relief of gastrointestinal disturbances. In view of its popular uses in treating various diseases, this chapter reviews scientific studies on the chemical and biological properties of this species.

Keywords

Croton zehntneri Euphorbiaceae Essential oils Biological activity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ana Carolina Murta Ramalho
    • 1
  • Fernanda Guerra da Silveira
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Studies and Research of Medicinal Plants (NEPLAME)Federal University of Vale do São Francisco (UNIVASF)PetrolinaBrazil

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