Hemiboreal Forests

  • O. V. Smirnova
  • M. V. Bobrovsky
  • L. G. Khanina
  • L. B. Zaugolnova
  • A. I. Shirokov
  • D. L. Lugovaya
  • V. N. Korotkov
  • V. A. Spirin
  • T. Yu. Samokhina
  • M. V. Zaprudina
Chapter
Part of the Plant and Vegetation book series (PAVE, volume 15)

Abstract

Long-term studies of forest vegetation, soil and features of the historical land-use in the hemiboreal region showed that during the last 300 years practically all hemiboreal forests in European Russia have experienced anthropogenic impacts, such as logging, fires, tree planting or agriculture. Various land-use practices have been wider spread in the hemiboreal region, as compared to the boreal one, and that has led to the higher degree of destruction of the hemiboreal forests. Absolute domination of the pioneer trees Betula spp., Populus tremula or Pinus sylvestris in the region and the structural simplification of late-successional dark-coniferous and/or broad-leaved forests are the main results of this destruction. Species-rich hemiboreal forests dominated by Picea abies or P. obovata with Abies sibirica and Tilia cordata in the overstorey and boreal and nemoral tall herbs and ferns in the understorey, with a patchy organization of their forest canopy and a diversity in microsites caused by treefalls are preserved only in the sparsely populated areas that are the most difficult for economic exploitation. However, due to the overlap in the distribution areas of most of the boreal and nemoral plant species in the region and the strong variation of intensity of human impacts over the region, in general a relatively high level of biodiversity is maintained in the hemiboreal forests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. V. Smirnova
    • 1
  • M. V. Bobrovsky
    • 2
  • L. G. Khanina
    • 3
  • L. B. Zaugolnova
    • 1
  • A. I. Shirokov
    • 4
  • D. L. Lugovaya
    • 1
    • 5
  • V. N. Korotkov
    • 6
  • V. A. Spirin
    • 7
    • 8
  • T. Yu. Samokhina
    • 1
  • M. V. Zaprudina
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Forest Ecology and Productivity of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Physico-Chemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscow regionRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Mathematical Problems of Biology RAS – Branch of the M.V. Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  4. 4.Botanical GardenN.I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny NovgorodNizhny NovgorodRussia
  5. 5.WWF RussiaMoscowRussia
  6. 6.Faculty of BiologyM.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  7. 7.Finnish Museum of Natural HistoryHelsinkiFinland
  8. 8.Natural History MuseumOsloNorway

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