Pathological Diagnosis of Retroperitoneal Tumors

  • Hong Chang
  • Xuemei Du
  • Xiaosong Rao
  • Quan Zhou
  • Feng Shi
  • Shaomin Yang


Please check the hierarchy of the section headings and confirm if correct.


  1. Alawi F, Freedman PD. Sporadic sclerotic fibroma of the oral soft tissues. Am J Dermatopathol. 2004;26:182–7.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Alford S, Choong P, Chander S, Henderson M, Powell G, Ngan S. Outcomes of preoperative radiotherapy and resection of retroperitoneal sarcoma. ANZ J Surg. 2013;83(5):336–41.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Argani P, Aulmann S, Illei PB, Netto GJ, Ro J, Cho HY, Dogan S, Ladanyi M, Martignoni G, Goldblum JR, Weiss SW. A distinctive subset of PEComas harbors TFE3 gene fusions. Am J Surg Pathol. 2010;34(10):1395–406.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhargava R, Friedman O, Gerald WL, Jhanwar SC, Chen B. Identification of MYCN gene amplification in neuroblastoma using chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH): an alternative and practical method. Diagn Mol Pathol. 2005;14(2):72–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bharti JN, Dey B, Desai P, Gupta R, Khurana N, Gandhi G. Primary leiomyosarcoma of peritoneal cavity. Rare Tumors. 2014;6(1):5165.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Borders AC, Hargrave R, Meyerding HW. Pathological features of soft tissue fibrosarcoma: with special reference to the grading of its malignancy. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1939;69:267.Google Scholar
  7. Casillas J, Sais GJ, Greve JL, Iparraguirre MC, Morillo G. Imaging of intra- and extraabdominal desmoid tumors. Radiographics. 1991;11(6):959–68.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Chu AY, Litzky LA, Pasha TL, et al. Utility of D2-40, a novel mesothelial marker, in the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma. Mod Pathol. 2005;18:105–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Coindre JM, Terrier P, Bui NB, Bonichon F, Collin F, Le Doussal V, Mandard AM, Vilain MO, Jacquemier J, Duplay H, Sastre X, Barlier C, Henry-Amar M, Macé-Lesech J, Contesso G. Prognostic factors in adult patients with locally controlled soft tissue sarcoma. A study of 546 patients from the French Federation of Cancer Centers Sarcoma Group. J Clin Oncol. 1996;14(3):869–77.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Demicco EG, Park MS, Araujo DM, Fox PS, Bassett RL, Pollock RE, Lazar AJ, Wang W-L. Solitary fibrous tumor: a clinicopathological study of 110 cases and proposed risk assessment model. Modern Pathol. 2012;25(9):1298–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. England DM, Hochholzer L, McCarthy MJ. Localized benign and malignant fibrous tumors of the pleura. Am J Surg Pathol. 1989;13(8):640–58.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Frans Graadt Van Roggen J, Hogendoorn PCW. Soft tissue tumours of the retroperitoneum. Sarcoma. 2000;4(1–2):17–26.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Gray MH, Rosenberg AE, Dickersin GR, Bhan AK. Glial fibrillary acidic protein and keratin expression by benign and malignant nerve sheath tumors. Hum Pathol. 1989;20(11):1089–96.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Hasegawa T, Hirose T, Seki K, Yang P, Sano T. Solitary fibrous tumor of the soft tissue. An immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study. Am J Clin Pathol. 1996;106:325–31.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Italiano A, Lagarde P, Brulard C, Terrier P, Lae M, Marques B, Ranchere-Vince D, Michels J-J, Trassard M, Cioffi A, Piperno-Neumann S, Chevreau C, Blay J-Y, Delcambre C, Isambert N, Penel N, Bay J-O, Bonvalot S, Le Cesne A, Coindre J-M, Chibon F. Genetic profiling identifies two classes of soft-tissue leiomyosarcomas with distinct clinical characteristics. Clin Cancer Res. 2013;19(5):1190–6.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Ito H, Fukuda M, Imamura Y, Fuse H. A malignant solitary fibrous tumor in the retroperitoneum. Int J Clin Oncol. 2008;13(2):173–5.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. McNiff JM, Subtil A, Cowper SE, Lazova R, Glusac EJ. Cellular digital fibromas: distinctive CD34-positive lesions that may mimic dermatofiberosarcoma protuberans. J Cutan Pathol. 2005;32:413–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Miettinen M, Limon J, Niezabitowski A, Lasota J. Patterns of keratin polypeptides in 110 biphasic, monophasic, and poorly differentiated synovial sarcomas. Virchows Arch. 2000;437(3):275–83.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Ordonez NG. D2-40 and podoplanin are highly specific and sensitive immunohistochemical markers of epithelioid malignant mesothelioma. Hum Pathol. 2005;36:372–80.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Simon JH, Paulino AC, Ritchie JM, Mayr NA, Buatti JM. Presentation, prognostic factors and patterns of failure in adult rhabdomyosarcoma. Sarcoma. 2003;7(1):1–7.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Stoeckle E, Coindre J-M, Bonvalot S, Kantor G, Terrier P, Bonichon F, Nguyen Bui B. Prognostic factors in retroperitoneal sarcoma. Cancer. 2001;92(2):359–68.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Su T-F, Yu C-P, Wu S-T, Cheng S-N, Wang H-H, Lin H-C, Lin C-K. Retroperitoneal mixed germ cell tumor mimicking a renal neoplasm: a case report. Urology. 2012;80(3):714–6.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Tambo M, Fujimoto K, Miyake M, Hoshiyama F, Matsushita C, Hirao Y. Clinicopathological review of 46 primary retroperitoneal tumors. Int J Urol. 2007;14(9):785–8.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. Trojani M, Contesso G, Coindre JM, Rouesse J, Bui NB, De Mascarel A, Goussot JF, David M, Bonichon F, Lagarde C. Soft-tissue sarcomas of adults; study of pathological prognostic variables and definition of a histopathological grading system. Int J Cancer. 1984;33(1):37–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tsujimoto M, Aozasa K, Ueda T, Morimura Y, Komatsubara Y, Doi T. Multivariate analysis for histologic prognostic factors in soft tissue sarcomas. Cancer. 1988;62(5):994–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Weiss SW, Goldblum JR. Enzinger and Weiss’s soft tissue tumors. 4th ed. St Louis, MI: Mosby; 2001.Google Scholar
  27. Welander J, Garvin S, Bohnmark R, Isaksson L, Wiseman RW, Söderkvist P, Gimm O. Germline mutation detected by next-generation sequencing in a young index patient with large paraganglioma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013;98(8):E1379–80.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Whitten RO, Benjamin DR. Rhabdomyoma of the retroperitoneum. A report of a tumor with both adult and fetal characteristics: a study by light and electron microscopy, histochemistry, and immunochemistry. Cancer. 1987;59(4):818–24.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong Chang
    • 1
  • Xuemei Du
    • 1
  • Xiaosong Rao
    • 2
  • Quan Zhou
    • 1
  • Feng Shi
    • 1
  • Shaomin Yang
    • 3
  1. 1.Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Peking University International HospitalBeijingChina
  3. 3.Peking University Health Science CenterBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations