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Aquaporins pp 173-191 | Cite as

Aquaporins in the Skin

  • Ravi Patel
  • L. Kevin Heard
  • Xunsheng Chen
  • Wendy B. BollagEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 969)

Abstract

The skin is the largest organ of the body, serving as an important barrier between the internal milieu and the external environment. The skin is also one of the first lines of defense against microbial infection and other hazards, and thus, the skin has important immune functions. This organ is composed of many cell types, including immune-active dendritic cells (epidermal Langerhans cells and dermal dendritic cells), connective tissue-generating dermal fibroblasts and pigment-producing melanocytes. Comprising the outer skin layer are the epidermal keratinocytes, the predominant cell of this layer, the epidermis, which provides both a mechanical barrier and a water-permeability barrier. Recent data suggest that aquaporins, a family of barrel-shaped proteins surrounding internal pores that allow the passage of water and, in some family members, small solutes such as glycerol, play critical roles in regulating various skin parameters. The involvement of different aquaporin family members in skin function is discussed.

Keywords

Aquaporin Contact hypersensitivity Epidermis Glycerol Psoriasis Skin Skin cancer 

Abbreviations

AQP

aquaporin

BCC

basal cell carcinoma

DNFB

dinitrofluorobenzene

IL

interleukin

PG

phosphatidylglycerol

PI3K

phosphoinositide 3-kinase

PLD-2

phospholipase D-2

PPAR

peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor

PPK

palmoplantar keratoderma

SCC

squamous cell carcinoma

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to express our sincere appreciation for the talented Ms. Lynsey Ekema, MSMI, for preparation of Figs. 11.1 and 11.5. We also acknowledge the expert technical assistance of Ms. Purnima Merai for isolation and culture of primary cultures of mouse epidermal keratinocytes. WBB has been supported by a VA Research Career Scientist Award. The contents of this article do not represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs or the United States Government.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ravi Patel
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Kevin Heard
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xunsheng Chen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wendy B. Bollag
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyMedical College of Georgia at Augusta UniversityAugustaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medicine (Dermatology)Medical College of Georgia at Augusta UniversityAugustaUSA
  3. 3.Charlie Norwood VA Medical CenterAugustaUSA

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