Measuring Community Well-Being and Individual Well-Being for Public Policy: The Case of the Community Well-Being Atlas
- 1k Downloads
The Gross Domestic Product as an indicator of social progress has several limitations. One of the most serious limitations is it equates consumption to progress. Community well-being can be an alternative framework for measuring progress, but there are several barriers to adopting this framework. In this chapter, we focus on the measurement barriers. Measuring community well-being is difficult for the following three reasons. First, the definition of community well-being and its constructs are unclear. Second, its relationship with individual well-being is vague. Third, data at the community level are limited. All of these make it difficult to employ community well-being in policymaking and long-term planning. We introduce the Community Well-being Atlas – an international project to measure community well-being in cities – as a way to overcome these barriers. The Atlas includes theory-driven data on community well-being and individual well-being. Moreover, the use of smartphone technology to collect geographic data and build panels can be useful for policymaking and long-term planning.
KeywordsCommunity well-being Subjective well-being Well-being indicators Social progress Public policy
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2016S1A3A2924563). The authors thank Lena Henning for her insightful comments on earlier drafts.
- Bozeman, B. (2007). Public values and public interest: Counterbalancing economic individualism. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
- Cobb, C., Halstead, T., & Rowe, J. (1995, October). If the GDP is up, why is America down? Atlantic Monthly, 59–77.Google Scholar
- Dewey, J. (1954). The public and its problems. Athens: Swallow Press/Ohio.Google Scholar
- ESS. (2014). European Social Survey Round 6 ESS-6 2012 Documentation Report. Edition 1.3. Bergen, European Social Survey Data Archive, Norwegian Social Science Data Services.Google Scholar
- Finstad, K. (2010). Response interpolation and scale sensitivity: Evidence against 5-point scales. Journal of Usability Studies, 5(3), 104–110.Google Scholar
- Hendriks, M., Ludwigs, K., & Veenhoven, R. (2016). Why are locals happier than internal migrants? The role of daily life. Social Indicators Research. 125(2), 481–508.Google Scholar
- Kee, Y., Kim, Y., & Phillips, R. (2015). Modeling community well-being: A multi-dimensional approach. In Y. Kee, Y. Kim, & R. Phillips (Eds.), Learning and community approaches for promoting well-being (pp. 1–16). Cham: Springer International Publishing.Google Scholar
- Kuznets, S. (1934). National income, 1929–1932. Senate Report to 73rd US Congress, 2d session, Senate document no. 124. http://library.bea.gov/u?/NI_reports. Accessed 1 Dec 2015.
- Lee, S. J. & Kim, Y. (2016). Structure of well-being: An exploratory study of the distinction between individual well-being and community well-being and the importance of intersubjective community well-being. In Y. Kee, S. J. Lee, & R. Phillips (Eds.), Social factors and community well-being. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
- Lee, S. J., Kim, Y., & Phillips, R. (2015). Exploring the intersection of community well-being and community development. In S. J. Lee, Y. Kim, & R. Phillips (Eds.), Community well-being and community development: Conceptions and applications (Springer Briefs in Well-Being and Quality of Life Research, pp. 1–8). Cham: Springer International Publishing.Google Scholar
- MacKerron, G. (2012). Happiness and environmental quality. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK. http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/383/. Accessed 19 Apr 2015.
- OECD. (2013a). “Suicides” in OECD Factbook 2013: Economic, environmental and social statistics. OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/factbook-2013-97-en. Accessed 3 June 2014.
- OECD. (2013b). OECD guidelines on measuring subjective well-being. OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264191655-en. Accessed 19 Apr 2015.
- Stiglitz, J. E., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J.-P. (2010). Mis-measuring our lives. New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
- Tocqueville, A., Bevan, G., & Kramnick, I. (2003). Democracy in America: And two essays on america. London: Penguin Books Limited.Google Scholar
- Wolin, S. S. (2010). Democracy incorporated: Managed democracy and the specter of inverted totalitarianism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar