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Nanoplasmonic and Microfluidic Devices for Biological Sensing

Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics book series (NAPSB)

Abstract

In this chapter we report about recent advances on the development and application of 2D and 3D plasmonic nanostructures used for sensing of biological samples by Raman spectroscopy at unprecedented resolution of analysis. Besides, we explain how the integration of these nanodevices in a microfluidic apparatus can simplify the analysis of biological samples. In the first part we introduce and motivate the convenience of using nanoplasmonic enhancers and Raman spectroscopy for biological sensing, describing the phenomena and the current approaches to fabricate nanoplasmonic structures. In the second part, we explain how specific multi-element devices produce the optimal enhancement of the Raman scattering. We report cases where biological sensing of DNA was performed at few molecules level with nanometer spatial resolutions. Finally, we show an example of microfluidic device integrating plasmonic nanodevices to sort and drive biological samples, like living cells, towards the optical probe in order to obtain optimal conditions of analysis.

Keywords

  • Surface Enhance Raman Scattering
  • Microfluidic Device
  • Localize Surface Plasmon Resonance
  • Raman Signal
  • Field Enhancement

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Acknowledgments

We acknowledge all contributors that contributed in this work from other institution, in particular the researchers from the previous Nanostructure Division at IIT (Italian Institute of Technology) in Genoa.

We thank for the financial support the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology start-up fund and the Italian Minister of Health (projects nos. GR-2010-2320665 and GR-2010-2311677)

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Correspondence to Enzo Di Fabrizio .

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Perozziello, G. et al. (2017). Nanoplasmonic and Microfluidic Devices for Biological Sensing. In: Di Bartolo, B., Collins, J., Silvestri, L. (eds) Nano-Optics: Principles Enabling Basic Research and Applications. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-0850-8_12

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