Advertisement

Development of Room Temperature Curing Geopolymer from Calcined Water-Treatment-Sludge and Rice Husk Ash

  • Anurat PoowancumEmail author
  • Ekkasit Nimwinya
  • Suksun Horpibulsuk
Conference paper
Part of the RILEM Bookseries book series (RILEM, volume 10)

Abstract

Geopolymer is an environmental friendly material, and is expected to use as the cement replacement materials. Because, the geopolymer production does not emit carbon dioxide gas, and is a low energy consuming process. Moreover, geopolymer can be synthesized from variety kinds of waste materials. The present work, the room temperature curing geopolymer has been developed by using the calcined water-treatment-sludge (WTS) and the rice husk ash (RHA) as the precursors. Mixture of sodium hydroxide solution and sodium silicate solution was used as an alkali activator solution. The results show that the RHA promotes strength of the WTS-geopolymer. By adding RHA 30 wt%, strength of geopolymer is close to the minimum required strength of the ordinary Portland cement (OPC). In addition, density of WTS-RHA geopolymer is 3 times lower than that of the OPC. Knowledge in the present work opens an opportunity to apply geopolymer for using in variety kinds of engineering applications, especially the lightweight construction materials.

Keywords

Ordinary Portland Cement Sodium Silicate Solution Concrete Geopolymer Initial Setting Time Water Treatment Sludge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the Suranaree University of Technology and the Office of Higher Education Commission under NRU project of Thailand. The third author acknowledges the Thailand Research Fund under the TRF Senior Research Scholar program Grant No. RTA5680002.

References

  1. 1.
    Gartner, E.: Industrially interesting approaches to low-CO2 cements. Cem. Concr. Res. 34(9), 1489–1498 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chindaprasirt, P., Chalee, W.: Effect of sodium hydroxide concentration on chloride penetration and steel corrosion of fly ash-based geopolymer concrete under marine site. Constr. Build. Mater. 63, 303–310 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lemougna, P.N., Chinje Melo, U.F., Delplancke, M.P., Rahier, H.: Influence of the activating solution composition on the stability and thermo-mechanical properties of inorganic polymers (geopolymers) from volcanic ash. Constr. Build. Mat. 48:278–86 (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang, L.: Production of bricks from waste materials—a review. Constr. Build. Mater. 47, 643–655 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pacheco-Torgal, F., Abdollahnejad, Z., Miraldo, S., Baklouti, S., Ding, Y.: An overview on the potential of geopolymers for concrete infrastructure rehabilitation. Constr. Build. Mater. 36, 1053–1058 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Keeley, J., Jarvis, P., Judd, S.J.: An economic assessment of coagulant recovery from waste treatment residuals. Desalination 287, 132–137 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Husillos Rodriguez, N., Martinez Ramirez, S., Blanco Varela, M.T., Guillem, M., Puig, J., Larrotcha, E., Flores, J.: Re-use of drinking water treatment plant (DWTP) sludge: characterization and technological behaviour of cement mortars with atomized sludge additions. Cement concr. Res. 40, 778–786 (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kyncl, M.: Opportunities for water treatment sludge re-use. Geoscience engineering 1, 11–22 (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Suksiripattanapong, C., Horpibulsuk, S., Chanprasert, P., Sukmak, P., Arulrajah, A.: Compressive strength development in geopolymer masonry units manufactured from water treatment sludge. Constr. Build. Mat. Submitted for publication (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Naprarath, W., Suwimol, A., Kwannate, S.: Strength and microstructure of water treatment residue-based geopolymers containing heavy metals. Constr. Build. Mater. 50, 486–491 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Khater, H.M., El-Sabbagh, B.A., Fanny, M., Ezzat, M., Lottfy, M.: Effect of nano-silica on alkali activated water cooled slag geopolymer. ARPN J. Eng. App. Sci. 2(2), 170–176 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    ASTM C109: Standard test method of compressive strength of hydraulic cement mortars (using 2-in. or [50 mm] cube specimens). Ann. Book ASTM Standard, vol. 04.01 (2002)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ASTM D854-14: Standard test methods for specific gravity of soil solids by water pycnometer. Ann. Book ASTM Standard, vol. 04.08 (2014)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    ASTM C266: Standard test method for time of setting of hydraulic-cement paste by Gillmore needles. Ann. Book ASTM Standard, vol. 04.01 (2013)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    ASTM C138: Standard test method for density (unit weight), yield, and air content (gravimetric) of concrete. Ann. Book ASTM Standard, vol. 04.02 (2011)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Silva, P.D., Sagoe-Crentsil, K.: The effect of Al2O3 and SiO2 on setting and hardening of Na2O-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O geopolymer systems. J. Aust. Ceram. Soc. 44(1), 39–46 (2008)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    ASTM C150/C150 M: Standard specification for Portland cement. Ann.l Book ASTM Standard, vol. 04.01 (2012)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    ASTM C595/C595 M: Standard specification for blended hydraulic cements. Ann. Book ASTM Standard, vol. 04.02 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© RILEM 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anurat Poowancum
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ekkasit Nimwinya
    • 2
  • Suksun Horpibulsuk
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Ceramic Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringSuranaree University of TechnologyNakhon RatchasimaThailand
  2. 2.School of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringSuranaree University of TechnologyNakhon RatchasimaThailand
  3. 3.School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringSuranaree University of TechnologyNakhon RatchasimaThailand

Personalised recommendations