Ternary Blended Cement with Limestone Filler and Kaolinitic Calcined Clay
The use of calcined clays providing from low grade kaolinitic clays combined with the limestone filler in ternary blended cement formulation has received considerable attention in recent years. This paper describes the results of a research project to study the behavior of kaolinitic calcined clays (CC) in combination with limestone filler (F). Blended cements were obtaining replacing CC (0–30 %) and F (0–10 %) by mass by Portland cement (PC). The pozzolanicity of blended cement was assessed by the Frattini tests at 2, 7 and 28 days. The response of the system was evaluated in terms of flow, and the compressive strength at 2, 7 and 28 days. The hydration progress was determined by the type and amount of hydration compounds at 2, 7 and 28 days using the Rietveld method. The change in pore size distribution was determined by mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP). Hydrated phases obtained correspond to the pozzolanic reaction (contribution CC) and phase stabilization (contribution F) modifying the pore structure and all factors contribute to develop acceptable mechanical properties with a large reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emission.
KeywordsCompressive Strength Methyl Orange Portland Cement Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry Pozzolanic Reaction
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