Types of Karst Features

  • Richard C. Benson
  • Lynn B. Yuhr


There are a wide variety of surface and subsurface features associated with various karst terrains. They occur at a wide range of scale due to processes both past and present. However, not all features will be found at all locations. In general, the types of karst features can be divided into surface landforms and subsurface features. The surface landforms include sinkholes (dolines), areas of subsidence, sinking streams, springs and cave entrances. The subsurface features are the areas of dissolution within the rock. These subsurface landforms include tertiary porosity (enlarged fracture systems), open conduits some with flowing water and large caverns as well as buried sinkholes. Some of these subsurface landforms may have already caused subsidence or collapse features at the surface. The following chapter discusses the typical karst features that may be encountered. Understanding the type of karst features that can exist in a particular geologic setting will provide insights that can be used as a basis to guide the site characterization efforts.


Cave System Sinking Stream Submarine Spring Epikarst Zone Sinkhole Density 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard C. Benson
    • 1
  • Lynn B. Yuhr
    • 1
  1. 1.Technos, Inc.MiamiUSA

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