Panama: Worker, Indigenous, and Popular Uprising in Bocas del Toro

  • Giovanni Beluche V.Email author
Part of the Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research book series (HSSR)


Policies aimed at undermining labor rights and weakening labor union organizations are at the core of the conflict discussed in this chapter that took place in the province of Bocas del Toro (Panama). The passage of a law that, among other things, was perceived as an assault on the rights of the Panamanian working class and triggered the indigenous workers’ uprising that will be examined below. In a series of specialized publications, the NGO ASEPROLA and its allied organizations have been systematically documenting and denouncing labor flexibilization practices and violations of labor rights in Central America. Labor flexibilization strategies are aimed at avoiding compliance with labor rights in the context of the prevailing model of economic liberalization, as a competitive advantage (increasing profit margins) for companies based on reducing social and labor guarantees for the working class.


Labor flexibility Panama Indigenous people State repression Neoliberalism 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Extension and Social Action DivisionUniversidad Técnica Nacional de Costa RicaSan JoséCosta Rica

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