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Rabies is an acute infectious zoonosis with predominant lesions in the central nervous system. It is caused by rabies virus and spreads via bites by animals with infection or carrying the virus. In the Infectious Diseases Prevention and Control Acts of China, rabies is officially listed as a Class B infectious disease, which is clinically characterized by hydrophobia, phonophobia, fears and emotional upsets, pharyngeal muscular spasms, and progressive paralysis. Due to its prominent manifestation of fear of water, it is also known as hydrophobia, with extremely poor prognosis and a mortality rate of near 100 %.

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Correspondence to Qinghua Meng .

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Wang, J., Meng, Q. (2015). Rabies. In: Li, H. (eds) Radiology of Infectious Diseases: Volume 1. Springer, Dordrecht.

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