History of Neural Networks

  • Neha YadavEmail author
  • Anupam Yadav
  • Manoj Kumar
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


Here we are presenting a brief history of neural networks, given in Haykin (Neural networks: a comprehensive foundation, 2002) [7], Zurada (Introduction to artificial neural systems, 2001) [8], Nielsen (Neurocomputing, 1990 [9] in terms of the development of architectures and algorithms that are widely used today. The history of neural networks has been divided in four stages: Beginning of neural networks, First golden age, Quiet Years and Renewed enthusiasm which shows the interplay among biological experimentation, modeling and computer simulation, hardware implementation.


Perceptron ADALINE Signal processing Pattern recognition Biological modeling Neurocomputing 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied SciencesITM UniversityGurgaonIndia
  2. 2.Department of Sciences and HumanitiesNational Institute of Technology UttarakhandSrinagarIndia
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsMotilal Nehru National Institute of TechnologyAllahabadIndia

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