Natural Resource-Based Livelihoods in the Context of Climate Change: Examining the Stance of Decision Makers in India

  • Supriya FrancisEmail author
  • Vandana Wadhwa


Climate change varies across different regions and leads to changes in many meteorological elements such as rainfall, temperature, sea level, and various extreme events. These changes not only affect natural and human systems independently but also their interfaces, thus changing ecosystems and production, diversity, and the functionalities of livelihoods. People engaging in primary economic activities such as farming, fishing, or forestry comprise a large proportion of the Indian population and are the most vulnerable to changes in weather patterns as they depend directly on these eco-resources for their livelihood. Therefore, it is highly essential to address the issue of climate change to ensure the steadiness of their sources of livelihood. The words of the decision makers thus become very important; any decisions regarding future development should take into account climate change and its impact on livelihoods, and correspondingly, the words of decision makers at the national and local level should reflect cognizance of this relationship. This chapter discusses the stance of the country’s decision makers regarding this relationship through the means of text-based pragmatic analysis that examines decision makers’ speeches and statements for their level of concern regarding the climate change–livelihood preservation relationship. It highlights the disparity between the people’s reality and the knowledge base of the experts, which are certainly available to these decision makers, and what really seems to concern the decision makers. The study finds that references to livelihood preservation are at best implicit when present, but are largely conspicuous by their absence in text.


Climate change India Pragmatic analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)New DelhiIndia
  2. 2.World Sustainable Development ForumNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Geography and EnvironmentBoston UniversityBostonUSA

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