Advertisement

Nature of Land Use and Agricultural Change in Peripheral Regions: A Case Study of Arunachal Pradesh, India

  • Ravi S. SinghEmail author

Abstract

Peripheral regions have typical developmental challenges. The issue becomes problematic in view of general apathy toward them revealed through their ‘negligence’ in development discourse. The studies on Northeast India, especially Arunachal Pradesh, which lies in the extreme northeastern part of India, are predominantly anthropological (and ethnographical). Such a treatment could be justified on various grounds; at the same time, it provides the academic rationale to attempt an analysis of land use shaped by a number of inhabiting ethnic communities while interacting with their natural surroundings in respective habitats and the intraregional pattern of agricultural change that has been mainly introduced by the governmental agencies. This state is by and large mountainous with an aggregate of 61.57 % of the geographic area being forested. The region experiences (hot-humid) subtropical conditions in the southern foothills to an alpine-type climate in the northern high-altitude mountains. Analyses presented in this study are based on secondary sources, mainly the Statistical Abstract of Arunachal Pradesh for different years. The unit of analysis considered in this exercise is district. The discussions are further supported by the author’s personal field experience and observations during his fairly long stay in the region.

Keywords

Agriculture Change Development Land Use Modernization Arunachal Pradesh (India) 

References

  1. Alonso W (1964) Location and land use. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MACrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson A (2000) Paradox in the periphery: an entrepreneurial reconstruction? Entrep Reg Dev 12:91–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arunachal Pradesh Human Development Report (2005) Government of Arunachal Pradesh, ItanagarGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhalla GS, Singh G (2012) Globalization and Indian agriculture: a district level analysis. Sage, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  5. Bhatia SS (1967) A new measure of agricultural efficiency in Uttar Pradesh, India. Econ Geogr 43(3):244–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crone M (2012) Re-thinking ‘peripherality’ in a knowledge-intensive service dominated economy. In: Danson M, De Sousa P (eds) Regional development in Northern Europe: peripherality, marginality and border issues. Regions and cities. Routledge, AbingdonGoogle Scholar
  7. Leimgruber W (1994) Marginality and marginal regions: problems of definition. In: Chang C-YD et al (eds) Marginality and development issues in marginal regions. National Taiwan University, Taipei, pp 1–18Google Scholar
  8. Leimgruber W (2004) Between global and local. Marginality and marginal regions in the context of globalization and deregulation. Ashgate, AldershotGoogle Scholar
  9. Leimgruber W (2010) Towards a better world? Joining forces to overcome deadlocks. In: Leimgruber W et al (eds) Geographical marginality as a global issue, vol 1 General, theoretical and methodological aspects. IGU commission on marginalization, globalization and regional and local responseGoogle Scholar
  10. Lomnitz LA (1977) Networks and marginality. Life in a Mexican Shantytown. Academic, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Markusen A (1999) Fuzzy concepts, scanty evidence and policy distance: the case for rigor and policy relevance in critical regional studies. Reg Stud 33:869–884CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mishra AK, Bundela DS, Satapathy KK (2004) Analysis and characterization of rice environment of Arunachal Pradesh. ENVIS Bull Himal Ecol 2(1):12–24Google Scholar
  13. Myrdal G (1957) Economic theory and underdeveloped regions. Methuen, LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. Ramakrishna PS (1992) Shifting agriculture and sustainable development: an interdisciplinary study from North Eastern India. Wiley Eastern, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  15. Ramakrishna PS (2002) Land use dynamics and sustainable development in Arunachal Pradesh: environmental planning and sustainable development, Himvikas, Occasional PublicationGoogle Scholar
  16. Rosencranz A, Lélé S (2008) Supreme Court and India’s forests. Econ Pol Wkly 43(5):11–14Google Scholar
  17. Roy NC, Kuri PK (2002) Land reform in Arunachal Pradesh. Classical Publishing House, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  18. Singh RS (1999) Ethnic minority groups of Arunachal Pradesh, India: a study in cultural geography. Natl Geogr J India 45(1–4):112–121Google Scholar
  19. Singh RS (2000) Land use and level(s) of agricultural development in Arunachal Pradesh. Natl Geogr J India 46(1-4):69–80Google Scholar
  20. Singh RS (2001) Gender situation in mountain environment: a case of Arunachal Pradesh. Natl Geogr J India 47(1-4):109–122Google Scholar
  21. Singh RS (2005) Paths of development in Arunachal Pradesh. Northern Book Centre, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  22. Singh RS (2006) Infrastructure in Arunachal Pradesh, India: development and distribution. In: Singh RB (ed) Sustainable urban development. Concept Publishing, New Delhi, pp 134–148Google Scholar
  23. Singh RS (2008) Geographical dimensions of land-use in Arunachal Pradesh, India. Paper presented at International Geographical Union Seminar on land use land cover change and agro-biodiversity, Department of Geography, National Post-Graduate College, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, 7–8 Mar 2008Google Scholar
  24. Singh RS (2010) Recent scenario of gender patterns in Arunachal Pradesh. In: Nangia S, Jha MM, Mishra S, Ramachandran H, Velayutham M (eds) Development concerns in 21st century: essays in the honour of Dr. K.V. Sundaram. Concept Publishing, New Delhi, pp 89–110Google Scholar
  25. Singh S (1999) A resource atlas of Arunachal Pradesh. Government of Arunachal Pradesh, ItanagarGoogle Scholar
  26. Statistical Abstract of Arunachal Pradesh (2011) Government of Arunachal Pradesh, ItanagarGoogle Scholar
  27. Talukdar AC (1997) Land tenures and land use pattern in Arunachal Pradesh: a review. In: Behera MC, Roy NC (eds) Trends in agrarian structure in the hills of North-East India. Commonwealth Publishers, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  28. Tiwari PC, Joshi B (2000) Optimum land use in mountains for sustainable development: a case study of Himalaya-Ganga plain. Natl Geogr J India 46(1-4):81–92Google Scholar
  29. Wallerstein IM (1974) The modern world-system. Academic, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Faculty of ScienceBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations