Joint Forest Management (JFM) is a partnership in forest management among state forest departments and local communities in India. The policies and guidelines of the JFM were enunciated in the Indian National Forest Policy of 1988 and JFM guidelines of 1990 proposed by the Government of India. These guidelines were further revised in 2000. The basic rationale of the JFM approach is the cooperation of local communities and the state government in the protection of forest resources from fire, illegal grazing, and timber cutting, in exchange for which they receive non-timber forest products. Indian JFM programs are characterized by a joint venture approach; they are different from other community management schemes, and are a cross between the top-down and bottom-up approaches. This chapter discusses two case studies, Morni-Pinjore and Yamunanagar Forest Division (Haryana) and Janaram Forest Division in Andhra Pradesh, to shed light on the problems and prospects of JFM in India. It was concluded that there is spatial disparity in the success and failure of JFM programs between states and within states in India.


Joint Forest Management (JFM) National Forest Policy History of Forest management in India Morni-Pinjore and Yamunanagar Forest Division Janaram Forest Division 


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Aditi MahavidyalayaUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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