Floodplain Management in Rapti River Basin

  • Narendra Kumar RanaEmail author


Floodplains are resources of immense value. They are the lowland adjoining the channels of rivers, streams, and other watercourses or the shorelines of oceans, lakes, or other bodies of standing water. The common framework for floodplain management comprises four general types of activities: modifying flooding, modifying susceptibility to flooding, modifying the impact of flooding, and preserving the natural and beneficial functions of floodplains. Given this overview, this chapter is a study of the floodplain management issues of Rapti River, flowing through eastern Uttar Pradesh. Regular floods in general and unprecedented floods in known pockets are common features of the Rapti River Basin. The study suggests the utilization of performance indicators to evaluate the progress and success of floodplain management programs. A decentralized resource allocation at the local level with standardization of terminology, collection of appropriate data concerning the socioeconomic profile of the flood-prone community, and flood behavior is necessary for efficient flood management.


Flood plains Flood plain management Rapti river basin Planning Uttar Pradesh (India) 



This research paper is part of a major research project supported by University Grants Commission (U.G.C.), New Delhi, No. F.32-345/2006 (SR). Their financial support is thankfully acknowledged.


  1. Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand (ARMCANZ) (2000) Floodplain management in Australia: best practice principles and guidelines. CSIRO Publishing, CollingwoodGoogle Scholar
  2. Burton I, Kates RW, White GF (1978) The environment as hazard, 1st edn. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Central Ground Water Board (1984) Watershed Atlas of India, Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  4. Central Water Commission (2008) Flood appraisal report monsoon season, 2008, Middle Ganga Division-1. Government of India, LucknowGoogle Scholar
  5. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (1988) Watershed Atlas of India, All India Land Use Survey. Government of India, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  6. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) (1992) Floodplain management in the United States: an assessment report, vol 1, Summary report. Federal Interagency Floodplain Management Task Force, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  7. Federal Interagency Floodplain Management Task Force (1994) A unified national programme for floodplain management, FEMA248Google Scholar
  8. Hewitt K (ed) (1983) Interpretations of calamity from the viewpoint of human ecology. Allen & Unwin, BostonGoogle Scholar
  9. Mohindra R, Prakash B, Prasad J (1992) Historic geomorphology and pedology of the Gandak Megafan, Middle Gangetic Plains, India. Earth Surface Process Landf 17(11):643–666Google Scholar
  10. Myers M-F, Passerini E (2000) Floodplain management: historic trends and options for the future. In: Parker DJ (ed) Floods, vol I. Routledge, New York, pp 244–253Google Scholar
  11. Office of the District Magistrate (2001a) District disaster management plan, Gorakhpur. Government of Uttar Pradesh, GorakhpurGoogle Scholar
  12. Office of the District Magistrate (2001b) District disaster management plan, Deoria. Government of Uttar Pradesh, DeoriaGoogle Scholar
  13. Parker DJ (2000) Floods, vol I. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Smith K (2013) Environmental hazards, 6th edn. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Smith K, Ward R (1998) Floods: physical processes and human impacts. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  16. Watts M (1983) On poverty of theory: natural hazards research in context. In: Hewitt K (ed) Interpretations of calamity from the viewpoint of human ecology. Allen of Unwin, Boston, pp 229–260Google Scholar
  17. Yadav RP (1999) Flood in eastern U.P. Radha Publication, New DelhiGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyD.D.U. Gorakhpur UniversityGorakhpurIndia

Personalised recommendations