Healthy Ageing: Focus on Social Capital
This chapter provides an overview of the central theme in this volume: the relevance of social capital for health and well-being within various contexts or environments. The ongoing greying of populations is today a worldwide challenge. To keep older people active and healthy is a key policy objective as well as a topic highlighted in research. Active and healthy ageing is highly influenced by the social environment in which an older person lives, and a research focus on social capital offers a way for understanding the relevance of the social environment on the micro (individual), meso (neighbourhood) and macro (societal) level. Social capital is a resource that can be used to promote health and well-being; yet research has thus far largely ignored the relevance of social capital for older people. This chapter addresses the central social capital themes of this book by describing three different contextual views of social capital: the individual, neighbourhood and societal contexts.
KeywordsSocial Capital Social Participation Healthy Ageing Neighbourhood Context European Social Survey
- Baron, S., Field, J., & Schuller, T. (Eds.). (2000). Social capital: Critical perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Berkman, L. F., & Kawachi, I. (2000). Social cohesion, social capital, and health. In L. F. Berkman & I. Kawachi (Eds.), Social epidemiology (pp. 174–190). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education (pp. 241–248). New York: Greenwood.Google Scholar
- Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Castiglione, D., van Deth, J. W., & Wolleb, G. (Eds.). (2008). The handbook of social capital. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Dahlgren, G., & Whitehead, M. (1991). Policies and strategies to promote social equity in health. Stockholm: Institute for Futures Studies.Google Scholar
- Durkheim, E. (1951). Suicide: A study in sociology (trans: Spaulding, J., & Simpson, G.). Glencoe: The Free Press (original work published 1987).Google Scholar
- Eurostat. (2013). Europe in figures. Eurostat yearbook 2012. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-CD-12-001/EN/KS-CD-12-001-EN.PDF. Accessed 26 May 2014.Google Scholar
- FUTURAGE. (2011). A Road Map for European Ageing Research. http://futurage.group.shef.ac.uk/roadmap.html. Accessed 26 May 2014.
- Hyyppä, M. T. (2010). Healthy ties: Social capital, population health and survival. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Kawachi, I., Takao, S., & Subramanian, S. V. (Eds.). (2013). Global perspectives on social capital and health. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Lin, N., Cook, K., & Burt, R. S. (Eds.). (2001). Social capital: Theory and research. New York: Walter de Gruyter.Google Scholar
- Luanaigh, C. Ó., & Lawlor, B. A. (2008). Loneliness and the health of older people. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23, 1213–1221.Google Scholar
- Putnam, R. D. (1993). Making democracy work: Civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
- Schuller, T., Baron, S., & Field, J. (2000). Social capital: A review and critique. In S. Baron, J. Field, & T. Schuller (Eds.), Social capital: Critical perspectives (pp. 1–38). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. (2013). World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision, Volume I: Comprehensive Tables ST/ESA/SER.A/336. http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Documentation/pdf/WPP2012_Volume-I_Comprehensive-Tables.pdf. Accessed 26 May 2014.
- van Deth, J. W. (2008). Measuring social capital. In D. Castiglione, J. W. van Deth, & G. Wolleb (Eds.), The handbook of social capital (pp. 150–176). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Woolcock, M. (2001). The place of social capital in understanding social and economic outcomes. ISUMA. Canadian Journal of Policy and Practice, 2, 11–17.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization. (2002). Active ageing: A policy framework. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2002/WHO_NMH_NPH_02.8.pdf. Accessed 12 May 2014.