Microwave Pyrolysis of Organic Wastes for Syngas-Derived Biopolymers Production

  • D. Beneroso
  • J. M. Bermúdez
  • A. Arenillas
  • J. A. Menéndez
Chapter
Part of the Biofuels and Biorefineries book series (BIOBIO, volume 3)

Abstract

Bioplastics production is a growing industry that offers an alternative to that of conventional fossil-derived plastics. Polyhydroxyalkanoates are biopolymers whose thermo-mechanical properties can be comparable to those of conventional plastics. Polyhydroxyalkanoates can be produced through the bacterial fermentation of carbon substrates, although to be commercially viable cheap renewable resources such as syngas (CO + H2 + CO2) from waste pyrolysis are required. Microwave pyrolysis has been demonstrated to have the potential of maximising both the gas production and syngas concentration. Hence it is an appropriate thermochemical route for further syngas fermentation. A combination of different factors, such as the type of waste, the moisture content, the pyrolysis temperature or the use of a microwave receptor makes microwave pyrolysis highly versatile, so that the syngas produced can be virtually tailored to the specific requirements of the bacteria.

Keywords

Microwave heating Pyrolysis Syngas Biopolymers Polyhydroxyalkanoates Waste valorisation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Beneroso
    • 1
  • J. M. Bermúdez
    • 1
  • A. Arenillas
    • 1
  • J. A. Menéndez
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional del CarbónCSICOviedoSpain

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