Analytical Study and Reduction of Harmonics Issued from LED Lamps in Lighting System

Chapter

Abstract

Harmonics are unavoidably generated in any non-linear electrical/electronic systems, and cause severe problems in terms of performance and operation. This paper focuses on analytical study and reduction of harmonics originated from LED lamps usually functioning with high switching-frequency driver. Since the driver is a switching device, it will be thus a direct harmonic and/or electromagnetic interference (EMI) source of the system. In order to suppress or reduce produced harmonics, a low-pass harmonic filtering technique is proposed and applied. The experimental results can reveal harmonic reduction effectiveness by comparing with a lighting standard, which is herein IEC 1000-3-2 (or EN 61000-3-2); this confirms finally the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) of the system.

Keywords

Harmonics LED driver LED lamp Light emitting diode Lighting standard Low-pass filter 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to gratefully acknowledge financial support for this research sponsored by the Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL), Thailand.

References

  1. 1.
    A. Pandharipande, D. Caicedo, Daylight integrated illumination control of LED systems based on enhanced presence sensing. Energy Build. 43(4), 944–950 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W.R. Ryckaert, K.A.G. Smet, I.A.A. Roelandts, M. VanGils, P. Hanselaer, Linear LED tubes versus fluorescent lamps: an evaluation. Energy Build. 49(8), 429–436 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Ali, M. Orabi, M.E. Ahmed, A.E.L Aroudi, Design considerations of a single-stage LED lamp driver with power factor correction, in 2nd International Conference on Electric Power and Energy Conversion Systems (EPECS), pp. 1–6 (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    T.M. Roffi, I. Idris, K. Uchida, S. Nozaki, N. Sugiyama, H. Morisaki, F.X.N. Soelami, Improvement of high-power-white-LED lamp performance by liquid injection, in International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics, pp. 1–6 (2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Uddin, H. Shareef, A. Mohamed, M.A. Hannan, An analysis of harmonics from LED lamps, in Asia-Pacific Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (APEMC), pp. 837–840 (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Uddin, H. Shareef, A. Mohamed, M.A. Hannan, An analysis of harmonics from dimmable LED lamps, in IEEE International Conference on Power Engineering and Optimization Conference (PEDCO), pp. 182–186 (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H.K. Channi, H.S. Sohal, Power quality innovation in harmonic filtering. Int J Res Eng Appl Sci (IJREAS) 2(2), 518–528 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Arias, D.G. Lamar, F.F. Linera, D. Balocco, A.A. Diallo, J. Sebastián, Design of a soft-switching asymmetrical half-bridge converter as second stage of an LED driver for street lighting application. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 27(3), 1608–1621 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S.Y.R. Hui, L.M. Lee, H.S.H. Chung, Y.K. Ho, An electronic ballast with wide dimming range, high PF, and low EMI. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 16(4), 465–472 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    F.L. Tomm, A.R. Seidel, A. Campos, M.A.D. Costa, R.N. do Prado, HID lamp electronic ballast based on chopper converters. IEEE Trans. Industr. Electron. 59(4), 1799–1807 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T.J. Liang, H.K. Liao, J.F. Chen, C.M. Huang, H.T. Lin, C.A. Cheng, A two-stage electronic ballast for HID lamp with flyback PFC, in 7th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (IPEMC), pp. 192–198 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. Jettanasen, A. Ngaopitakkul, Analytical study of harmonics issued from LED lamp driver, in Proceedings of the International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists 2014, IMECS 2014, Hong Kong, 12–14 Mar 2014. Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science, pp. 683–686Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringKing Mongkut’s Institute of Technology LadkrabangBangkokThailand

Personalised recommendations