Advanced Models of Cortical Dynamics in Perception

  • Walter J. FreemanEmail author
  • Robert Kozma
  • Guang Li
  • Rodrigo Quian Quiroga
  • Giuseppe Vitiello
  • Tinglin Zhang
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics book series (ICCN)


Here the phenomenon of interest is the flash of recognition and accompanying emotion one experiences when one receives a familiar stimulus. We explain the speed and richness of the event by postulating phase transitions in cortical neuropil: condensation from a gas-like phase to a liquid-like phase followed by evaporation. We model the process with a Carnot-like thermodynamic cycle at three successive levels of complexity: primary sensory cortices; limbic system; global neocortex. We replace the thermodynamic state variables of pressure, volume and temperature with neurodynamic variables, respectively mean beta-gamma power, pattern stability (negentropy), and neural feedback gain (mean interaction strength). We cite evidence that all sensory cortices use this cycle, necessarily so for two reasons. They all evolved from the primordial forebrain of vertebrates dominated by olfaction; they all transmit the same form of perceptual information, wave packets, so signals in all modalities armodel by linear matrix concatenation.


Carnot cycle Criticality Ephapsis Hebbian assembly Memory Phase transition Wave packet 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter J. Freeman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert Kozma
    • 2
  • Guang Li
    • 3
  • Rodrigo Quian Quiroga
    • 4
  • Giuseppe Vitiello
    • 5
  • Tinglin Zhang
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Neurobiology, Department of Molecular and Cell BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mathematical SciencesUniversity of MemphisMemphisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Control Science and Engineering, State Key Lab of Industrial Control TechnologyZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Centre for Systems NeuroscienceUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK
  5. 5.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversity of SalernoFiscianoItaly

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