Simulation of Vertical Arrays

  • Nozomu Yoshida
Part of the Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 36)


Earthquake records both on the ground surface and in the underground are at least to be obtained in the vertical array earthquake observation; several records are sometimes obtained at different depths. Simulation of these data is a good tool to grasp the accuracy of the seismic ground response analysis and is also a good tool to cumulate experience on the seismic ground response analysis. Recently, a number of vertical array observatories increase such as KiK-net (2010) which covers all Japan, although the number of the vertical array stations is limited in the old days. In order to examine the accuracy of the analysis, it is necessary that a strong ground motion record is obtained. In addition, ground conditions such as soil profile, velocity structure, nonlinear property, etc., are also well known. In this sense, KiK-net is not so useful because detailed soil profile and material properties are not known. As far as the author knows, data that can be used to investigate the accuracy of the nonlinear seismic ground response analysis are not sufficient. They are shown in Table 14.1.


Effective Strain Maximum Acceleration Hyperbolic Model Acceleration Time History Vertical Array 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nozomu Yoshida
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environment EngineeringTohoku Gakuin UniversityMiyagiJapan

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