Work-Based Identity Model Testing
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Given the background of the exploratory studies reported in the previous chapter, the first part of this chapter reports on the confirmation of the WI scale in a different (United Arab Emirates) context, where three work-identity subscales were first extracted from the 28 combined items of the instrument by means of a principal component analysis (PCA). These three subscales (work centrality, person–organisation fit, and value congruence) were then confirmed with a CFA procedure in a structural equation model (SEM). The internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach Alpha) of the three subscales were, respectively, .92 (14 items), .87 (5 items), and .77 (6 items) for the 25-item scale. In the first part of this chapter where the SEM was tested, it was established that JRs (need for organisational identity (nOID), organisational reputation, task resources, and remuneration perceptions) and JDs (breach of psychological contract and work–family conflict) significantly interacted to predict varying levels of WI which in turn resulted in increased work engagement or turnover intentions.
The second part of this chapter reports on the moderation effects of education levels and nationality groupings. It was found that these moderators have significant effects on paths in the SEM. It was further established that interactions between JRs and JDs significantly affected the level of WI which in turn impacted work engagement and turnover intentions.
KeywordsModeration tests Person – organisation fit Structural Equation Model (SEM) Value congruence Work centrality Work-based identity conceptualization Work-based identity scale
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